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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 40, 2008, No. 6

Content:


 

recenzia:

 
  Botík, J.: Ethnic History of Slovakia. On the Issues of Ethnicity, Ethnic Identity, Multiethnic Slovakia and Foreign Slovaks
Ľudovít Turčan

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 6: 566-571.

 
  Divinský, B.: Labour Market – Migration Nexus in Slovakia: Time to Act in a Comprehensive Way
Branislav Bleha

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 6: 571-574.

 
  Gerbery, D. - Lesay, I. - Škobla, D., (eds.): A Book on Poverty: Social Context and Public Policies
Jan Drahokoupil

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 6: 574-576.

 
 

štúdia:

 
  Multiculturalism and National Cultures in Eastern Europe
Juraj Buzalka

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Multiculturalism; nationalism; Europeanization; tradition; ethno-revivalism; tourism; rural development

Multiculturalism and National Cultures in Eastern Europe. Analysing the effect of policies and discourses on multiculturalism, one of the popular buzzwords of ‘Europeanization’ among the elites in Central and Eastern Europe, the paper investigates the way a once proscribed ethno-religious group can become a commoditized national minority valued for its exotic and distinctive ‘culture’. To explore this ethnification process, the paper examines the public events that suppose to strengthen multiculturalism in the peripheral region of south-east Poland. Instead of multicultural pluralism, not necessarily related to the major identification with ethnicity, however, one can observe that nations are becoming key definition categories for cultures. The paper argues that this ethnification of culture represents the wider trend of concealing rather than eliminating nationalist logics in the use of ‘culture’ in post-peasant Eastern Europe undergoing ‘Europeanization’. Sociológia 2008, Vol. 40 (No. 6: 495-513)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 6: 495-513.

 
  Trust, Kinship and Civil Society in a Post-socialist Slovakian Village
Davide Torsello

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Kinship; trust; civil society; post-socialism; Slovakia

Trust, Kinship and Civil Society in a Post-socialist Slovakian Village. In spite of the rich theoretical literature in the social sciences, trust is a concept which has showed comparatively little applicability to the field of anthropology. Anthropological accounts of trust are scarce because of the recognized difficulty to contextualize this notion in people’s everyday practices and ideas. This paper argues that, in order to constitute a useful analytical tool, trust must be empirically explored as a social fact. In the context of rapidly transforming Eastern Europe, actors make attentive uses of trust and mistrust as strategic means to define relatedness and to achieve control of economic transactions. The end of state socialism and the dramatic changes brought about by the democratic transformation have taught the villagers of Kráľová to look for secure avenues of social and economic interaction. I argue that here mistrust is not to be seen as the negation of social relations, cooperation and collective action. Mistrust becomes an expression of people’s preoccupation with the uncertainty of present times, as well as the reflection of the social processes underpinning human action. On the other hand, trust is never absolute, even in family and kin relations, where strong emotions and impending moral obligations may undermine its social nature. Sociológia 2008, Vol. 40 (No. 6: 514-529)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 6: 514-529.

 
  Market Activity and EU Expansion: British Involvement in the Bulgarian Property Market
Deema Kaneff

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Property market; Bulgaria; neoliberalism; Britain; EU expansion

Market Activity and EU Expansion: British Involvement in the Bulgarian Property Market. This paper looks at EU expansion through market activity by focussing on the case of British citizens buying property in Bulgaria. The property market - at least in the northern-central rural region of the country that is the focus in this work - is driven by an attempt to achieve greater security in the context of neoliberal policies that advocate market deregulation and de-prioritise state forms of social provisioning. This creates a ‘ready market’ for individuals who secure their own futures through the buying (as in the Britons case) and selling (as in the Bulgarian case) of property. Importantly, it is illegal, at present, for foreigners to own land in Bulgaria and thus the present boom provides an example of the dominance of market forces that operate despite state laws designed to regulate market activity. This, I suggest, is an important dimension of how EU expansion takes place - through informal economic activity. Foreign involvement in the property market is also a source of new inequalities arising between citizens of old and new member states. Sociológia 2008, Vol. 40 (No. 6: 530-547)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 6: 530-547.

 
  Virgin Mary and the Border: Identity Politics of the Greek Catholic Church at the Ukrainian/Slovak Borderland
Agnieszka Halemba

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Church-state relations; Greek Catholics; Virgin Mary; Ukraine-Transcarpathia; Slovakia

Virgin Mary and the Border: Identity Politics of the Greek Catholic Church at the Ukrainian/Slovak Borderland. The article analyses two apparitions of the Virgin Mary that presently take place on the two sides of the Ukrainian/Slovak border, within the context of church-state relations. In both cases the visionaries are members of the Greek Catholic Church and the authorities of this church have the main say in negotiations over the validity of the visionaries’ experiences and over the status of pilgrimage sites that presently emerge. Although until the end of the World War II the territory, on which the apparitions take place, was under jurisdiction of one church administrative unit (Mukachevo Eparchy), at present they happen in two different states and come under jurisdiction of two different Greek Catholic bishops. The article argues that different organisation of church-state relations, especially in their financial aspect, is an important, if not decisive, factor accounting for difference in church hierarchy’s t treatment of the apparitions on the two sites of the border. Sociológia 2008, Vol. 40 (No. 6: 548-565)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 6: 548-565.