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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 36, 2004, No. 5

Content:


  Kohabitácie ako jedna z foriem partnerského spolužitia obyvateľstva Slovenska
Jozef Mládek, Jana Širočková

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Cohabitation; family behaviour; socio-cultural characteristics

Cohabitation as One Form of Partners Living Together in Slovakia. Changes in demographic behaviour – „the second demographic revolution“, occurred in the second half of 20th century. These changes are most significantly manifested in family behaviour, in the processes connected with the establishment and dissolution of families and with their reproductive function. Family types have diversified. In spite of the strong influence of tradition, there are three changes in family behaviour, which have arisen in Slovakia. The nuclear family still prevails but at the same time the number of cohabitations as well as the amount of children born out of wedlock has increased. A significant number of people prefer single child families. The term cohabitation refers to two adults of the opposite sex that live together in a common household for a longer time (as husband and wife) without being married. His/her/their children may also be living together with them. The number of cohabitations in Slovakia had extended. There is a significant correlation between cohabitation and some socio-cultural characteristics. According to the analysis of nationality-structure, there are relatively smaller proportions of cohabitansts from Slovak, Rusin and Ukrainian nationalities. Higher ratios are from Hungarian, Roma and Czech nationalities. Comparison of religion-structure reveals that the members of the Roman-Catholic, Greek-Catholic and Lutheran church have a reserved or disapproving attitude. On the other hand, people without religious beliefs, people whose religious attitudes were not discovered, and members of Orthodox and Reformed church demonstrated a relatively higher representation of cohabitants. The highest rate of cohabitation exists among people with basic and vocational education. There are less cohabitants with secondary and university education. The highest proportions of cohabiting couples are in two regions – Banska Bystrica and Košice. The lowest rates are in the Žilina and Prešov regions. The regions of Nitra and Trnava are in the middle. And in the Bratislava region and the Trenčín region the level of cohabitation keeps shifting. Similar differences also occur on the county level. Regional or spatial differences depend on nationality and religious structure.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 36, 2004, No. 5: 423-454.

 
  Domáce práce z perspektívy symbolických funkcií a sociálnych významov
Jana Klocoková

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Household work; family; family course; social meanings;

Symbolic Functions and Social Meanings of Household Work. Household work has been often seen as a mere technique for fulfilling basic needs of households. This paper questions that reductionism in analysis of domestic activities. By presenting the works of Lévi-Strauss and Douglas the paper focuses on some symbolic properties of the household tasks. It shows how these activities express relations between nature and culture, give information about social categories and their boundaries as well as about exclusion and inclusion of individuals within and outside families. It is proposed that from the point of view of everyday life various social meanings of housework might be revealed. Domestic tasks are thus described as culturally relative activities whose social definition differs among families and phases of family course. In the conclusion it is suggested that such research approach could also contribute to the study of gender aspects of domestic labour.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 36, 2004, No. 5: 455-472.

 
 

informácia:

 
  Jan Szczepański (1913 – 2004) In memoriam
Ján Pašiak

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 36, 2004, No. 5: 493-500.

 
 

Profily a interpretácie:

 
  Rozhovor s Petrom Ondrejkovičom: Ako sa „profilujú“ sociológovia - životv sociológii a sociológia v živote
Ľudovít Turčan

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 36, 2004, No. 5: 473-492.

 
 

recenzia:

 
  Alexander, Jeffrey C.: Významy sociálneho života. Kultúrna sociológia
Mária Suríková

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 36, 2004, No. 5: 501-506.

 
  Bauman, Zygmunt: Svoboda
Ivan Chorvát

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 36, 2004, No. 5: 506-510.

 
  Marada, Radim: Kultura protestu a politizace každodennosti
Zuzana Kusá

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 36, 2004, No. 5: 510-514.

 
  Nové partnerstvo pre súdržnosť, konvergenciu, konkurencieschopnosť, spoluprácu. Tretia správa o ekonomickej a sociálnej súdržnosti
Daniel Škobla

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 36, 2004, No. 5: 514-516.