Vedecké časopisy a ročenky vydávané na pôde SAV

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Geografický časopis


Volume 67, 2015, No. 2

Content:


  Sídelná identita ako fenomén v kontexte suburbanizácie (prípadová štúdia suburbií mesta Nitra)
Gabriela Repaská 1), Katarína Vilinová 2), Alena Dubcová 3), Hilda Kramáreková 4)

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1)Univerzita Konštantína Filozofa v Nitre, Fakulta prírodných vied, Katedra geografie a regionálneho rozvoja, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, 949 74 Nitra. grepaska@ukf.sk
2)Univerzita Konštantína Filozofa v Nitre, Fakulta prírodných vied, Katedra geografie a regionálneho rozvoja, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, 949 74 Nitra. kvilinova@ukf.sk
3)Univerzita Konštantína Filozofa v Nitre, Fakulta prírodných vied, Katedra geografie a regionálneho rozvoja, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, 949 74 Nitra. adubcova@ukf.sk
4)Univerzita Konštantína Filozofa v Nitre, Fakulta prírodných vied, Katedra geografie a regionálneho rozvoja, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, 949 74 Nitra. hkramarekova@ukf.sk


residential identity, suburbanization, city of Nitra, rural municipalities, questionnaire research

A settlement is a space with cultural, social and spiritual dimensions and has always been made by human activity. For planning of its future, it is very important to know the relationship between the settlement and its population. All citizens are harmonized with the territory in which they live according to the values, which they accept as features of their relationship to the closest environment. Strengthening of individuality, loss of social cohesion, weakening of social capital and civil society are becoming a serious social problem which weakens the relationship of man to the settlement and landscape. The result of strong residential identity is patriotism and civic pride in the territory in which people live and carry out their daily activities. Therefore, the aim of this paper is an analysis of residential identity and its manifestations in a particular model area, which will be based on extensive field research. The result of the paper will be a comparison of residential identity of the indigenous and allochthonous population and their integration in the municipality. The aim of this paper is to analyse the residential identity and its description in a particular study area (the suburbs of the city of Nitra).

Geografický časopis. Volume 67, 2015, No. 2: 107-126.

 
  Od analýzy priestorovej štruktúry k identifikovaniu trendov vo vývoji poľnohospodárskej krajiny v zázemí Bratislavy
Martina Cebecauerová 1), Michala Sládeková Madajová 2)

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1)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. geoglujz@savba.sk
2)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. geogmada@savba.sk


land cover, changes of agricultural landscape, shrinkage of arable land, disappearance of vineyards, suburbanization, hinterland of Bratislava

There have been significant social and economic changes in Slovakia during the last 60 years that are also reflected in the overall character and visual image of the country. The aim of this paper is to analyse and visualize the changes in agricultural landscape in the part of hinterland of Bratislava, the area situated between the Malé Karpaty Mountains and the Podunajská nížina Lowland, and to assess the driving forces determining these changes. Agriculture was long the primary economic activity in this territory and it concentrated on growing crops and grasslands on arable land and grape vines on the foothills of the Malé Karpaty Mountains. Monitoring of changes was based on examination of the area, representation of agricultural classes, and their interconversions derived from the contingency tables (matrix changes) in the period immediately preceding the central management and planned economy (in 1949) on the one side and in the stage of society’s transformation, before Slovakiaʼs accession to the EU (the year 2003) on the other. A total loss of arable land, orchards, cultivated vineyards and managed grasslands as well as a minor aforestation process was observed. Not only the size of classes but also their spatial structure captured in the new landscape patterns and qualitative characteristics of the agricultural classes are changing. The presence of the capital city markedly determines the spatial structure of the surrounding area. The landscape is becoming ever more fragmented; its important elements degrade in many places and the degree of anthropogenic transformation is increasing.

Geografický časopis. Volume 67, 2015, No. 2: 127-148.

 
  Morfoštruktúrna analýza povodia Bodvy so zreteľom na Slovenský kras
Peter Bandura 1), Michal Gallay 2)

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1)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra fyzickej geografie a geoekológie, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava. peter.bandura@uniba.sk
2)Univerzita Pavla Jozefa Šafárika, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Ústav geografie, Jesenná 5, 040 01 Košice. michal.gallay@upjs.sk


morphostructures, Bodva River basin, Slovak karst, morphostructural analysis, stream network, base-level maps, morphological network, morphotectonic field

This study deals with a GIS-based morphostructural analysis applied to a digital terrain model of the Bodva River basin in the area of the Slovak karst. The specifics of this study area were that it is partially formed by karst plateaux. Methods such as derivation and analysis of a stream network, construction of base-level maps (or isobase surfaces) and construction of a morphological (or in this case morphostructural) network were used. Obviously, it was necessary to take into account the correlation between the karst surface (mostly its geological structure) and its stream network. Thus, derivation of the stream network with regard to local geological conditions provided better outcomes and following of changes in the base-level maps. The findings of the presented methods can be used as supporting arguments for better understanding of the morphostructures and morphostructural evolution of the study area. As a result, important morphostructures within the study area were identified. We tried to support the assumption of a differential uplift of individual karst plateaux and connected uplift of the northern part of the Slovak karst together with the adjacent Slovenské rudohorie Mountains, system was also applied to orientation of the interpreted morphostructural networks and thereby we tried to determine the dominant directions of the activity of the morphotectonic field.

Geografický časopis. Volume 67, 2015, No. 2: 149-168.

 
  Zarovnané povrchy a ich tektonická diferenciácia v podmienkach výzdvihu pohorí
Peter Orvoš 1)

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1)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra fyzickej geografie a geoekológie, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava. peter.orvos@uniba.sk


mountain uplift, the Western Carpathians, planation surfaces, the Malé Karpaty Mts., the Malá Fatra Mts., the Veľká Fatra Mts., the Nízke Tatry Mts.

Lithospheric uplift is driven by physical processes giving mountain ranges stepped character. It is shown here how a mountain belt evolves in such way and how it is possible to describe it by the tools of tectonic geomorphology. There is also an essential need to better investigate how planation surfaces reached their current elevations preserving the horizontal layout. Several mountain belts of the Western Carpathians were formed as levelled structures, what led to the assumption that these levels represent surfaces of different ages. However, many of them are exhumed erosion surfaces of the same age uplifted to discrete altitudes. To study this process, the concept of upwarped mountains formation was used and modified to model the single and two stepped mountain belts. The results were compared with cross-sections through certain mountain ranges showing the resemblance of real morphostructures to the models. These investigations provide an important insight into the evolution of planation surfaces in the conditions of mountain uplift.

Geografický časopis. Volume 67, 2015, No. 2: 169-180.

 
  Neotektonický vývoj Žiarskej kotliny indikovaný geomorfologickou analýzou v prostredí GIS
Juraj Holec 1), Alžbeta Medveďová 2), Ladislav Vitovič 3), Roberta Prokešová 4)

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1)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra fyzickej geografie a geokológie, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava. holec@fns.uniba.sk
2)Univerzita Mateja Bela, Fakulta prírodných vied, Katedra geografie a krajinnej ekológie, Tajovského 40, 974 01 Banská Bystrica. medvedov@fpv.umb.sk
3)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra fyzickej geografie a geoekológie, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava. vitovic2@uniba.sk
4)Univerzita Mateja Bela, Ústav vedy a výskumu, Cesta na Amfiteáter 1, 974 01 Banská Bystrica. roberta.prokesova@umb.sk


Western Carpathians, Žiarska kotlina basin, GIS, neotectonics, river terraces

The Žiarska kotlina basin is one of the intramontane basins of the Western Carpathians. Geomorphological analysis of river terraces, thickness of Quaternary sediments, density of landslides and gullies, morpholineaments and faults was carried out using the Geographical Information Systems (GIS). The aim of the analysis was to understand the role of the neotectonics. The river terraces on the right bank of the River Hron are higher than those on the left bank showing the irregular neotectonic evolution of the area. The difference in height of the terraces on the left bank and right bank varies from 11 to 25 meters near Žiar nad Hronom and from 20 to 23 meters near Dolná Ždaňa. The interpolation of the Quaternary cover thickness shows three regions with a relatively thick quaternary cover, two of them in contact with the adjacent mountains and one along the alluvium of the Hron. The density of gullies on the right bank of the Hron is high. The density of landslides is biggest on the western margin of the basin. Analysis of the river terraces suggests that the Žiarska kotlina basin has not uniformly subsided, and the neotectonic activity is different in its individual parts.

Geografický časopis. Volume 67, 2015, No. 2: 181-195.