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Geografický časopis


Volume 63, 2011, No. 3

Content:


  Territorial structure of local government in the Slovak Republic, the Czech Republic and the Hungarian Republic – a comparative view
Stela Csachová 1), Janetta Nestorová-Dická 2)

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1)Univerzita P. J. Šafárika, Košice, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Ústav geografie, Jesenná 5, 040 01 Košice. stela.csachova@upjs.sk
2)Univerzita P. J. Šafárika, Košice, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Ústav geografie, Jesenná 5, 040 01 Košice. janetta.dicka@upjs.sk


Slovak Republic, Czech Republic, Hungarian Republic, size structure of municipalities, fragmentation, intermunicipal cooperation, Central and East Europe (CEE)

The paper analyses the territorial structure of local government, its quantitative, qualitative and time-spatial changes in three Central European countries: the Slovak Republic, the Czech Republic and the Hungarian Republic. The paper introduces the size structure of municipalities, their distribution over territory and defines the cities in the administrative structure. It also aims to examine the fragmentation phenomenon typical for the countries and seeks solutions for consolidation of the local level of government. The territorial arrangement of local governments and rescaling of powers have an impact on administrative efficiency. The paper, in a comparative way, offers the view into the inner territorial structure and sets the role of local governments since the middle of the 20th century.

Geografický časopis. Volume 63, 2011, No. 3: 209-225.

 
  Postavenie regiónov Slovenska z hľadiska území volebnej podpory politických strán v parlamentných voľbách v rokoch 2002-2010
Martin Plešivčák 1)

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1)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra humánnej geografie a demografie, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava. plesivcak@fns.uniba.sk


voter preferences, core area of electoral support, peripheral area of electoral support, regions, political parties

The aim of this article is to describe the basic trends in regional support for the main political parties in Slovakia since 2002. The period under study incorporates three Slovak parliamentary elections of 2002, 2006 and 2010. An issue of the core and peripheral areas of electoral support for the political parties studied from the view of individual regions is emphasized. The territorial units used in this research are represented by functional urban regions best reflecting social interactions existing on the regional level. The research method evaluating the relevance of individual regions for political parties’ election outcomes divides them into two main categories according to their political importance. Slovak regions are very distinct in both, the number and importance of the areas of electoral support and also in the rate of loyalty over time to the particular political parties. The territorial concentration of voter preferences is clearly a factor determining the number and character of core and peripheral areas of the electoral support.

Geografický časopis. Volume 63, 2011, No. 3: 227-251.

 
  Aspekty vzťahu transformácie priemyslu a marginality vo vybraných regiónch Slovenska
Lucia Poláčková 1), Jana Potomová 2)

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1)* Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra regionálnej geografie, ochrany a plánovania krajiny, Mlynská dolina 1, 842 15 Bratislava. polackoval@fns.uniba.sk
2)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra regionálnej geografie, ochrany a plánovania krajiny, Mlynská dolina 1, 842 15 Bratislava. potomova@fns.uniba.sk


marginal region, old industrial region, transition, industry, and unemployment, Slovakia

After 1989, a deep transformation of society that influenced all aspects of social life has been taking place in most of the Central and Eastern European countries. Even after two decades, its impacts are still evident in all spheres of society. The aim of this article is to evaluate selected aspects of the post socialist transformation and the influence of these changes on the social and economic marginality of population in old industrial regions in two case studies of the selected districts of Revúca and Rožňava. The partial aim is to compare the processes taking place in these Slovak regions with the same processes that were observed abroad in the 1970’s.

Geografický časopis. Volume 63, 2011, No. 3: 253-273.

 
  Riečne terasy Váhu v meandri Domašín v Strečnianskej úžine
Rudolf Ondrášik 1), Vojtech Gajdoš 2)

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1)Univerzita Komenského, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra inžinierskej geológie, Mlynská dolina 1, 842 15 Bratislava. ondrasik@fns.uniba.sk
2)Univerzita Komenského, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra aplikovanej a environmentálnej geofyziky, Mlynská dolina 1, 842 15 Bratislava. gajdos@fns.uniba.sk


Malá Fatra Mts., Strečno Gorge, River Váh terraces, terrace relics, Domašín meander, fluvial deposits

The meander of Domašín represents a noticeable landmark of the River Váh valley in the Strečno Gorge through, the Malá Fatra Mountains. A string of remnants of river terraces indicates that the meander was created by the Pleistocene river erosion in a granitic rock mass. Remnants of river terraces were indicated on the basis of geomorphology, fluvial deposits, and geophysical survey. Geophysics also determined the depth of the substratum surface and a thickness of alluvial deposits. The stratigraphic position of 11 Pleistocene river terraces was classified on the basis of their relative elevation.

Geografický časopis. Volume 63, 2011, No. 3: 275-285.

 
  Výmoľová erózia v čase– mapové podklady verzus korelátne sedimenty (príkladová štúdia)
Pavol Papčo 1)

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1)Pedagogická fakulta Katolíckej univerzity v Ružomberku, Katedra geografie, Hrabovská cesta 1, 034 01, Ružomberok. pavol.papco@ku.sk


gully erosion over time, historical and current maps, correlative sediments, the Nitrianska pahorkatina Hill Land

The paper deals with the occurrence of gully erosion over time in a selected area in the northern part of the Nitrianska pahorkatina Hill Land. The study was based on an analysis of maps and the correlative sediments relating to the evolution of the selected permanent gully. Historical maps from 1783, 1838, 1882 and current topographic maps were evaluated for this purpose. The analysis of correlative sediments consisted of identification and dating of the relevant components within the colluvial fan sediments and the material deposited in the mouth of the gully. Radiocarbon 14C dating of an organic material and expert age estimation of archaeological artefacts were used to determine the relative age of the layers. On the basis of achieved results occurrence of accelerated gully erosion that probably took place in the 14th century and the 19th to 20th century was detected.

Geografický časopis. Volume 63, 2011, No. 3: 287-298.