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Institute: Institute of Landscape Ecology

Analysis of temporal-spatial dynamics of the selected cultural landscape structures in Slovakia, their protection and sustainable use
Analýza časovo-priestorovej dynamiky vybraných štruktúr kultúrnej krajiny Slovenska, ich ochrana a udržateľné využívanie
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Štefunková Dagmar PhD.
Annotation:Content and interpretation of the cultural landscape concept are ambiguous. This fact has negative impact on practical landscape management and protection, territorial planning, legal order and public dministration. An overview of the state-of-the-art of cultural landscape studies in literature, specification of theoretical and themethodological basis for the needs of the project is the first objective. The following step is the assessment of the processes, which cause changes in structures of cultural landscape on various hierarchic levels: local,microregional and regional. Studies of structure of cultural landscape and its changes (natural, socio-economic, cultural and historical characteristics) specific methodological procedures are applied on each level. Then the trends of changes are assessed, framework principles and rules of protection and sustainable management of cultural landscape taking into account the concept of sustainability are established.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2017

Diversity of agricultural landscape and its ecosystem services
Diverzita poľnohospodárskej krajiny a jej ekosystémové služby
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Špulerová Jana PhD.
Annotation:The project is focused on the evaluation of diversity of agricultural landscape and its ecosystem services in different types of representative landscapes of Slovakia. Attention will be paid to extensively cultivated farmland and traditional agricultural landscapes, which are characterized by higher diversity of landscape pattern and by the presence of semi natural habitats that significantly contribute to the provision of ecological functions in the landscape and provide multifunctional ecosystem services to society. Based on the gained experience from previous project, methodology will be applied in broader context at the regional level. Attention will paid to the analysis of factors associated to the diversity of rural landscape and maintenance of traditional agricultural landscapes. Landscape diversity will be assessed in relation to the potential of the different landscape types to provide ecosystem services.
Duration: 1.1.2014 - 31.12.2017

Long-term changes of selected soil properties and their ecosystem services depending on the different forms and intensity of agricultural land cultivation.
Dlhodobé zmeny vybraných parametrov pôd a ich ekosystémových služieb v závislosti od rôznych foriem využitia krajiny.
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Kenderessy Pavol Ph.D.
Annotation:The project aims to assess the changes of selected soil properties depending on the different forms and intensity of agricultural land cultivation. The research will take place in localities with the character of traditional agricultural landscapes (the assumption of extensive farming) and for comparison in places with the same conditions but with a different, conventionally farmed land (intensive management after the collectivization). Changes in soil properties will be evaluated based on comparison of results of filed survey and analysis of historical data from the database of the Complex Soil Survey (VÚPOP). The results will be interpreted in relation to selected soil functions. These functions will be defined in terms of their abilities to provide selected ecosystem services based on CICES classification (The Common International Classification of Ecosystem Services).
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2017

Ecological optimization of the utilization of landslide areas in selected parts of the flysch zone in regard to the traditional farming
Ekologická optimalizácia využívania zosuvných území vo vybraných častiach flyšového pásma, so zreteľom na ich tradičné obhospodarovanie
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Barančoková Mária PhD.
Annotation:The occurrence of landslides in the flysch zone of the Western Carpathians has conditioned the utilization of landscape from the beginning of the settlement. Places that have not been affected by the construction processes were used according to the needs of the agricultural population. Each intervention had an impact on the development of coenosis thereby creating specific habitats with high variability. This was so not only because of natural specificities of individual localities, but also due to diversity of management habits and skills in dispersed settlements (called "kopanice"). Slope deformations represent geofactor, which significantly affects the quality of the environment. The project aims to develop a methodology of assessment of landslide areas in flysch environment and their use in traditional farming, the application of this methodology in selected areas and suggestions for ecological optimization of utilization.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2018

The evaluation of cultural ecosystem services countries on a basis of landscape research for the ecological model of tourism development
Hodnotenie kultúrnych ekosystémových elužieb krajiny na báze krajinnoekologických výskumov pre ekologické modely rozvoja cestovného ruchu
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Krnáčová Zdena PhD.
Annotation:The scientific objective of the project is the creation and application of the new quantitative methods the cultural ecosystem services landscape where we will be based on an assessment of landscape and ecological importance (LEI) of elements LAND COVER based on biodiversity and landscape diversity, aesthetic values of ecosystems (EV), cultural and historic importance of cultural heritage (CHTI) and for evaluating the socio-economic importance of natural resources (SEI). The project also includes a questionnaire survey, the aim of which is to investigate perception of city tourism visitors and assessing cumulative impacts of recreation with respect to the environment. This research will feed into the development of ecological tourism models (ECOTUR) and thematic targeting routes which will made available to and protect unique and attractive natural and cultural environment. ECOTUR part of the model will the development of measures and regulatory with the possibility of implementation of the strategic documents.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2019

Forest vegetation and changes in soil properties on the former agricultural land
Lesná vegetácia a zmena pôdnych vlastností na bývalej poľnohospodárskej pôde
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Kollár Jozef PhD.
Annotation:The project is focused on the forest stands, which have formed as a result of land use changes in the chosen regions of Slovakia differed by natural conditions and way of former land use: in the Small Carpathians (after viniculture recession), in the Považský Inovec Mts. (by afforestation of pastures) and the region of Kysuce (by abandonment of arable land). Research has an interdisciplinary character. In phytocoenological-floristic part there will be given a detailed phytocoenological and floristic characteristics of the observed forests, which will serve as a data base for further work. An attention will be paid to the ecological and socio-economic evaluation of particular forest vegetation and the process of succession, which determine essentially state and future of individual stands. Soil part will be devoted to basic and some special soil characteristics, which will serve to evaluate impact of historical land use on the soil. Microbiological part is oriented to the characteristics of soil micromycetes.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2017

NDS-Korytnica - RK Juh
Program: Other projects
Project leader: RNDr. Barančok Peter CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2017

Independent evaluation of the Rural Development Programme for the period 2014-2020
Nezávislé hodnotenie Programu rozvoja vidieka SR pre obdobie 2014-2020
Program: Other projects
Project leader: Ing. Špulerová Jana PhD.
Annotation:Processing of documents for evaluation report of the Rural Development Programme for 2014-2020, including answering the evaluation questions which provides an independent assessment of the relevance, efficiency, effectiveness and achievements, impact and success and failure factors.
Duration: 18.12.2015 - 31.12.2019

New possibilities of use of drainage canal systems with taking into account the protection and use of a landscape
Nové možnosti využitia odvodňovacích kanálových sústav s ohľadom na ochranu a využívanie krajiny
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Mgr. Kalivoda Henrik PhD.
Annotation:Drainage canal system, as artificial multifunctional anthropogenic elements in a landscape have other specific functions which were not paid attention yet. The reason of construction of those canal systems was the intensification of agricultural production and discharge of inland waters. Their construction characters are analogical to a stream. These characters must be re-evaluated from the point of their functional use under real conditions of an area. Due to the change of agricultural policy, further construction and maintenance practically does not exist and the lifetime of connected technical segments is getting to the end. Secondary drainage canals are gradually overgrown, wood vegetation develops and canals stop fulfilling their main function. Similar situation appears in case of main canals, moreover, their use is bound to capacity of pumping stations. Primary and secondary drainage canals are important connective landscape elements and serve also as a refugium, or biocentre for several kinds of organisms. There appear significant successive processes in the canal network. Based on reevaluation of present state of drainage canals there will be elaborated a proposal of measures of their primary functions and proposal of their multifunctional use. New possibilities of use of drainage canals are important from the point of view of protection and use of the landscape, namely the development and stability of biodiversity.
Duration: 1.7.2015 - 28.6.2019

Spatial and Time Trends of Accumulation of Heavy Metals and Nitrogen in Mosses in Slovakia in 25 years
Priestorové a časové trendy akumulácie ťažkých kovov a dusíka v machoch na Slovensku za 25 rokov
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Maňkovská Blanka DrSc.
Annotation:Objective of the proposed project is to continue in a survey of heavy metals and nitrogen loads in Slovakia using mosses as biomonitors and to keep on surveys that were realised within the International Cooperative Programme on Effects of Air Pollution on Natural Vegetation and Crops (ICP Vegetation) and VEGA (2010-2012) projects. The main objective of the project is to realize comparative analyses and to evaluate changes in loads in Slovakia after 25 years. Partial objectives are following: to evaluate actual spread of traced elements in mosses in Slovakia, time and spatial changes 1990-2015, correlation of contents of elements and factorial analyses, influence of factors of landscape (altitude), evaluation from point of hot spots, their cause and epidemiology importance of detection in Slovakia, long-term trends, comparing with neighbouring countries and construction of elements maps and time horizons. The project should bring new knowledge in all scientific disciplines represented in single thematic areas.
Duration: 1.1.2014 - 31.12.2017

Green Infrastructure of Slovakia
Zelená infraštruktúra Slovenska
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Moyzeová Milena PhD.
Annotation:The concept of green infrastructure, the same as the territorial systems of ecological stability, is aimed at the progressive transition from the black-and-white division of the country to the protected and unprotected parts, to an all-area differentiated system preserving ecologically convenient landscape structure with different ways of use. Hence, the aim of the proposed Green Infrastructure and mitigation of the negative effects of its barriers is conservation and support to biodiversity and diversity of Slovakia’s landscape and provision for their beneficial effects on the surrounding ecologically less stable parts of the country, support to variants of multifunctional land use with the aim to protect individual components of the environment, conservation of important landscape
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2018

Changes in Slovak Landscape Driven by European Union Agricultural Policy
Zmeny poľnohospodárskej krajiny Slovenska vplyvom politík Európskej Únie
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Lieskovský Juraj PhD.
Annotation:The project is focused on identification and evaluation of changes in agricultural landscape (AL), which were after 2004 affected by the EU legislation in fields of agriculture, water protection and nature conservation. It is based on analysis of the EU policies as drivers of changes in AL. It will study types and intensity of use of AL on regional and local levels. The project combines methods of remote sensing (RS) and field research. RS will be used for timely obtaining information on AL. Also will be developed and tested innovative approaches and methods with use of new satellite sensors. In local scale will be studied impact of changes in use in AL on biodiversity. For biodiversity study were selected indication groups of vegetation, invertebrates (spiders, dragonflies) and vertebrates (amphibians, birds). Studied will be sites from which exist data from previous research, wetlands and newly evolved biotopes in AL. The final phase will be synthesis of current state and changes in AL and biodiversity.
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.1.2019

The total number of projects: 12