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Institute: Institute of Forest Ecology

Bioactive substances in selected species of Magnolia genus
Biologicky aktívne látky vo vybraných druhoch okrasných drevín rodu Magnolia
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Konôpková Jana PhD.
Annotation:Biologically active substances of plants appear as perspective and suitable for today's molecular-based approach to the medicines development as they cause less adverse side effects. The results of research in recent years, especially abroad, have shown that particular species of Magnoliaceae family (mainly two species: Magnolia officinalis and Magnolia obovata) possess besides significant aesthetic properties also pharmacologically and ecologically important substances, especially magnolol, honokiol and obovatol that have significant therapeutic effects. The project will focus on screening the content of these substances in selected Magnolia species growing in collections of Mlyňany Arboretum. On the basis of the content of phenolic compounds observed in the donor plants of magnolias, we will select the most appropriate genotypes that will be used for in vitro propagation in order to get a sufficient amount and quality of plant material and to produce of biologically active substances.
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.12.2019

Spatio-temporal changes of chemical and production properties of soils and phytocoenoses in segments of managed forest ecosystems
Časopriestorové zmeny chemických a produkčných vlastností pôd a fytocenóz v segmentoch obhospodarovaných lesných ekosystémov
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Kuklová Margita CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

Distribution potential of different fungal trophic groups in Europe
Distribučný potenciál rôznych trofických skupín húb v Európe
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Mgr. Adamčíková Katarína PhD.
Duration: 1.7.2016 - 30.6.2020

Impact of natural hazards on forest ecosystems in Slovakia under conditions of future climate
Dopad prírodných rizík na lesné ekosystémy Slovenska v meniacich sa klimatickických podmienkach
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Ing. Jakuš Rastislav PhD.
Duration: 1.7.2016 - 30.6.2020

Ecology and a reproductive strategies of relative and syntopic animal species
Ekológia a reprodukčné stratégie príbuzných a syntopicky žijúcich druhov živočíchov
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Krištín Anton DrSc.
Annotation:Unraveling of relationships in related and congeneric, frequently cryptic species, living in the same environment is important for understanding of evolutionary adaptations, leading to coexistence, or to divergency. Principles of coexistence, competitions, reproductive patterns and strategies will be studied in pairs of such species. Selected parameters will be analyzed in the sites and territories of common occurrence as well as in allotopic living populations. Brachypterous bush-crickets of the genus Pholidoptera, long-winged bush-crickets of the genus Phaneroptera and native and invasive species of the genus Meconema will be studied poikilotherm animals in field and laboratory conditions. Migratory birds of genera Lanius and Sylvia, as well as resident tit species (Paridae) will represent homoiothermous animals in the project.
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.12.2019

Ecosystem services to support landscape protection in conditions of climate change
Ekosystémové služby na podporu ochrany krajiny v podmienkach globálnej zmeny
Program: VEGA
Project leader: prof., Mgr. Kluvánková Tatiana PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

Endophytic microorganisms in trees and their potential role in stress tolerance enhancement
Endofytické mikroorganizmy a ich potenciálna úloha pri zvyšovaní tolerancie drevín voči stresu
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Barta Marek PhD.
Annotation:The project is aimed at obtaining original findings on how endophytic microorganisms coexisting asymptomatically in tissues of trees can influence host‘s response to biotic and abiotic stress factors. The project focuses on 2 specific groups of endophytes, entomopathogenic fungi of Beauveria genus and non-nodulating microorganisms participating in fixation of atmospheric N by trees of Caesalpiniaceae family. Knowledge on the existence of entomopathogenic fungi as endophytes in trees, their species spectrum, localization and persistence in tissues are insufficient. Their role and function remain unexplored. Fungi of Beauveria genus are typical facultative insect parasites, and it is assumed that as endophytes they may have a function of bodyguards. In the project we aim to fill knowledge gaps in this area.The ability of certain plants to fix atmospheric N has ecological and economic impact. On the example non-nodulating tree, Gleditsia triacanthos, we plan to determine the microflora responsible for fixing N.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2018

Energy potential of primary production of the above-ground dendromass of forest stands
Energetický potenciál primárnej produkcie nadzemnej dendromasy lesných porastov
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Ing. Kuklová Margita CSc.
Duration: 1.7.2017 - 30.6.2021

Evolutionary ecology of nuptial gift-giving invertebrates: effects of distributional area, environment, phenotype and genetics
Evolučná ekológia bezstavovcov využívajúcich kopulačné dary: vplyv areálu, prostredia, fenotypu a genetiky
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Jarčuška Benjamín PhD.
Annotation:Effects of endogenous and exogenous factors and their interactions on survival of invertebrates (Orthoptera, Araneae) with limited dispersal ability is main objective of the project. Males increase their chance for exclusive paternity by transfer of nuptial gift during copulation, while polyandry in females increases chance for offspring with higher fitness. Mate choice, copulation frequency, production and fitness of offspring are these traits which will characterise reproductive behaviour here. Importance of selected factors (environment, phenotype, genetics) will be evaluated under controlled lab conditions. Reproductive characteristics and dispersal of studied species with respect to their latitudinal and altitudinal distribution and habitat will be analysed also in the field. Thus the main focus of the project is the study of evolutionary mechanisms for survival of an organism which undergoes global climate and environmental change.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2018

Evolutionary ecology of umbrella and flagship species of vertebrates in Slovakia
Evolučná ekológia dáždnikových a vlajkových druhov stavovcov na Slovensku
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Kaňuch Peter PhD.
Annotation:The project deals with evolutionary mechanisms which are involved in the successful reproduction, variability of phenotype, fitness and survival of populations of endangered species in environment under global changes. In conservation practice, some endangered species are known as umbrella or flagship species, the protection of which indirectly contributes to the protection of other species in the environment, as well as it increases public awareness in nature conservation. By understanding the ecology of these species, conservation may become more efficient for human society. The project has the ambition to bring novel biological knowledge for nature conservation in Slovakia. Ecologically distinct representatives of the umbrella and flagship vertebrate species of Slovakia (Western capercaillie, Lynx, Greater noctule bat, European pond turtle) which are known to have negative population trends or demographic and population-genetic information is very limited were selected for this project.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

Phenological manifestations of plants and selected components of biogeochemical cycle in a forest ecosystem in changing environmental conditions.
Fenologické prejavy rastlín a vybrané zložky biogeochemického cyklu lesného ekosystému v meniacich sa podmienkach prostredia
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Schieber Branislav PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

Functionally important animals in the dynamics of forest ecosystems in new environmental conditions
Funkčne významné živočíchy v dynamike lesných ekosystémov v nových environmentálnych podmienkach
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Zach Peter CSc.
Annotation:The project is focusing on occurrence and spatial distribution of important phytophagous insects (pests) and predators (birds) in oak, beech and spruce forests in new environmental conditions as well as on the spread of invasive species in forest ecosystems.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2018

Identification of environmental vulnerability and adaptive potential of Norway spruce (Picea abies Karst. L.) populations under changing climate
Identifikácia environmentálnej zraniteľnosti a adaptívneho potenciálu populácií smreka (Picea abies Karst. L.) v podmienkach meniacej sa klímy.
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Ditmarová Ľubica PhD.
Annotation:In terms of ongoing climate change are mountain spruce ecosystem considered extremely vulnerable. The adaptive potential of the genetic resources of forest trees acts as a key factor in the survival and continuity of the mountain ecosystems in relation to those changes. In the given context, the project is directed at bioindication of invisible changes, observed at the level of physiological and growth processes, which will help clarify the degree of environmental vulnerability of the spruce populations from different geographical origin, in direct response to extreme changing climate. At the same time there will be solved fundamental questions in evolutionary biology spruce, especially the issue of its adaptation to changing environmental conditions.
Duration: 1.7.2017 - 30.6.2021

Identification, genetic variability a pathogenicity of economically important needle cast species on pines
Identifikácia, genetická variabilita a patogenita hospodársky významných druhov sypaviek borovíc
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Adamčíková Katarína PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021

Information and warning system for invasive organisms in forest and urban environments
Informačný a varovný systém pre invázne organizmy v lesnom a urbánnom prostredí
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Ing. Zach Peter CSc.
Annotation:The project is being focused on establishment of the information and warning system for invasive organisms in forest and urban environments to satisfy the needs of forestry practices, nature conservation and private subjects.
Duration: 1.7.2015 - 30.6.2018

Complex utilization of bark extractives
Komplexné využitie extraktívnych zlúčenín kôry
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Ing. Váľka Jozef CSc.
Duration: 1.7.2015 - 30.6.2019

Complex utilization of plant biomass in biofoods with added value
Komplexné využitie rastlinnej biomasy v biopotravinách s pridanou hodnotou
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Ing. Váľka Jozef CSc.
Duration: 1.7.2017 - 30.7.2021

Microbiocenosis modulation of intestinal and immune response of honeybees using probiotic lactobacilli in a new dosage form
Modulácia črevnej mikrobiocenózy a imunitnej odpovede včiel medonosných pomocou probiotických laktobacilov v novej aplikačnej forme
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Bíliková Katarína PhD.
Duration: 1.4.2016 - 31.12.2018

New methods in an integrated forest protection incorporating the use of entomopathogenic fungi
Nové metódy v integrovanej ochrane lesa zahŕňajúce využitie entomopatogénnych húb
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Kulfan Ján CSc.
Duration: 1.7.2016 - 30.6.2019

Ash dieback: the causal agents and disease control strategy
Odumieranie jaseňov: pôvodcovia a stratégia ochrany
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Kádasi-Horáková Miriam PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021

Swarming behaviour as a mechanism of information transfer in bats
Swarmové správanie ako mechanizmus transferu informácií medzi netopiermi
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Naďo Ladislav PhD.
Annotation:Various algorithms of artificial intelligence are inspired by biological mechanisms, information about processes in living organisms or interactions among them (e.g. behavioural algorithms of bees, ants). Main aim of this project is to decipher the mechanism which bat groups uses to perform frequent roost-switching without group disintegration. We believe that a key component in this unique decision-making process is “swarming”, performed by bats in close proximity of roosts (tree cavities) throughout the night and accompanied by specific ultrasonic signals. Only anecdotal evidence exists about this specific phenomena. In our previous studies we described and proposed basic steps of this behavioural algorithm. Its detailed understanding would be widely applicable for other fields of biological research as well as for specific engineering applications (e.g. for coordination of UAV movements).
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

Study of the effect of environmental variables on the incidence and spread of chestnut blight in European chestnut (Castane sativa) in Slovakia and possibilities to control this disease
Štúdium vplyvu faktorov prostredia na výskyt a rozšírenie rakoviny kôry gaštana jedlého (Castanea sativa) na Slovensku a možností ochrany proti tejto chorobe
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Bolvanský Milan CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2018

Cross-scale interactions between bark beetles and spruce
Viac úrovňové interakcie medzi podkôrnym hmyzom a smrekom
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Jakuš Rastislav PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

Research of alternative methods of conifer seedlings protection against insect pests
Výskum alternatívnych metód ochrany ihličnatých sadeníc pred hmyzími škodcami
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Ing. Barta Marek PhD.
Duration: 1.7.2017 - 30.6.2020

The study of spruce - bark beetles interactions - new possibilities of semiochemicals use
Výskum možností ovplyvnenia systému smrek – podkôrny hmyz s použitím semiochemikálií
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Ing. Jakuš Rastislav PhD.
Duration: 1.7.2016 - 30.6.2020

Importance of local habitats and microhabitats for spacial distribution of forest and arboricolous arthropods
Význam lokálnych habitatov a mikrohabitatov pre priestorovú distribúciu lesných a arborikolných článkonožcov
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Kulfan Ján CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

The total number of projects: 26