The list of national projects SAS

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Institute: Institute of Forest Ecology

Adaptation strategies to natural and social disturbancies in the forest landscape
Adaptačné stratégie na prírodné a spoločenské disturbancie prebiehajúce v lesnej krajine
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Gežík Veronika PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2014 - 31.12.2017

Biology, spread and identification of harmful agent Dothistroma septosporum (Mycosphaerella pini), D. pini and other harmful agents of assimilatory organs of pines
Biológia, rozšírenie a diagnostika škodlivého činiteľa Dothistroma septosporum (Mycosphaerella pini), D. pini a iných škodlivých činiteľov asimilačných orgánov borovíc
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Ondrušková Emília PhD.
Annotation:The project is focused on significant disease characteristics, which caused pine waste or dieback. We will determine range and importance of Dothistroma sp. occurrence in SR by annually monitoring of disease development. The collection of isolates will be established after refining the methods of pathogen isolation to in vitro conditions. Isolates will be than a subject of morphology investigation. Molecular –based detection of D. septosporum and D. pini is necessary to identify species. The results of mating type determination will give data about assumed possibilities of sexual or clonal reproduction of the pathogen. Project will enlarge knowledge about pathogens biology and pathogenity. The host’s spectrum of Dothistroma Needle Blight (DNB) in Slovakia will be observed as well. Digital map of pathogen occurence in Slovakia will be created.
Duration: 1.1.2014 - 31.12.2017

Bioactive substances in selected species of Magnolia genus
Biologicky aktívne látky vo vybraných druhoch okrasných drevín rodu Magnolia
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Konôpková Jana PhD.
Annotation:Biologically active substances of plants appear as perspective and suitable for today's molecular-based approach to the medicines development as they cause less adverse side effects. The results of research in recent years, especially abroad, have shown that particular species of Magnoliaceae family (mainly two species: Magnolia officinalis and Magnolia obovata) possess besides significant aesthetic properties also pharmacologically and ecologically important substances, especially magnolol, honokiol and obovatol that have significant therapeutic effects. The project will focus on screening the content of these substances in selected Magnolia species growing in collections of Mlyňany Arboretum. On the basis of the content of phenolic compounds observed in the donor plants of magnolias, we will select the most appropriate genotypes that will be used for in vitro propagation in order to get a sufficient amount and quality of plant material and to produce of biologically active substances.
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.12.2019

Spatio-temporal changes of chemical and production properties of soils and phytocoenoses in segments of managed forest ecosystems
Časopriestorové zmeny chemických a produkčných vlastností pôd a fytocenóz v segmentoch obhospodarovaných lesných ekosystémov
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Kuklová Margita CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

Flow deposition of acidifying components and ozone in the selected submountain and mountain areas of Slovakia
Depozičné toky acidifikačných zložiek lesných pôd a ozónu vo vybraných podhorských a horských oblastiach Slovenska
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Dr. Ing. Janík Rastislav
Annotation:Research will be focused on temporal and spatial trends of the main components of acidification in forest soils. The response of herbal synusia to changed eco-edaphic conditions will be investigated in selected forest sites in the central Slovakia (Kremnické vrchy Mts and Štiavnické vrchy Mts.). Also monitoring of ground-level ozone concentrations as a secondary pollutant will be done in the mountainous conditions in the High Tatra Mts.
Duration: 1.1.2014 - 31.12.2017

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Distribučný potenciál rôznych trofických skupín húb v Európe
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Mgr. Adamčíková Katarína PhD.
Duration: 1.7.2016 - 30.6.2020

Impact of natural hazards on forest ecosystems in Slovakia under conditions of future climate
Dopad prírodných rizík na lesné ekosystémy Slovenska v meniacich sa klimatickických podmienkach
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Ing. Jakuš Rastislav PhD.
Duration: 1.7.2016 - 30.6.2019

Species diversity and biological characteristics of parasitic fungi associated with damage and withering of woody plants
Druhová diverzita a biologické vlastnosti parazitických húb podieľajúcich sa na poškodení a usychaní drevín
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Pastirčáková Katarína PhD.
Annotation:Parasitic microscopic fungi belong to important disease originators, which not only decrease the aesthetic and decorative value of woody plants, but also often cause withering of branches or possibly whole plantations. The seasonal climatic changes evidently affect activation of invasive and quarantine fungal species, which appear in new areas and on new hosts and with their annually repeated infections, have negative impact on growth of woody plants and in grave cases result in gradual dieback. The main aims of the project proposal are (i) to determine the species spectrum of parasitic fungi which take part in dieback and breaking of branches and in damage of assimilative organs of selected woody plants genera (Betula, Castanea, Fraxinus, Pinus, Platanus), (ii) to specify the important groups of pathogens in interaction to the hosts and (iii) using molecular methods to identify the morphologically similar and genetically related fungal species.
Duration: 1.1.2014 - 31.12.2017

The dynamics of health status, mycoflora and selected dendrometrical and ecophysiological characteristics of beech ecosystems
Dynamika zdravotného stavu, mykoflóry a vybraných dendrometrických a ekofyziologických charakteristík bukových ekosystémov
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Mihál Ivan CSc.
Annotation:The project is oriented to obtain the complex observations about the mutual influence of health status of beech ecosystems and several biotic factors, that have positive or negative influence on the health status. As the important biotic factors will be examinated: mycofloristical, mycocoenological and phytopathological conditions of beech, degree of bark necrotic disease on beech stems and branchwood, role of arboreal spiders (Araneae) as the predators of insect pests living on the beech, dynamics of selected dendrometrical characteristics in dependence on the health status, dynamics of input of nutrients through rainfall into the beech ecosystems and their participation on physiological and mineral nutrition of beech as well as the dynamics of leaf area and production of beech assimilatory apparatus. The research of mutual positive or negative influences between beech health status and selected biotic characteristics can to get complex and original observations about the ecological relation of beech biota.
Duration: 1.1.2014 - 31.12.2017

Ecology and a reproductive strategies of relative and syntopic animal species
Ekológia a reprodukčné stratégie príbuzných a syntopicky žijúcich druhov živočíchov
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Krištín Anton DrSc.
Annotation:Unraveling of relationships in related and congeneric, frequently cryptic species, living in the same environment is important for understanding of evolutionary adaptations, leading to coexistence, or to divergency. Principles of coexistence, competitions, reproductive patterns and strategies will be studied in pairs of such species. Selected parameters will be analyzed in the sites and territories of common occurrence as well as in allotopic living populations. Brachypterous bush-crickets of the genus Pholidoptera, long-winged bush-crickets of the genus Phaneroptera and native and invasive species of the genus Meconema will be studied poikilotherm animals in field and laboratory conditions. Migratory birds of genera Lanius and Sylvia, as well as resident tit species (Paridae) will represent homoiothermous animals in the project.
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.12.2019

Endophytic microorganisms in trees and their potential role in stress tolerance enhancement
Endofytické mikroorganizmy a ich potenciálna úloha pri zvyšovaní tolerancie drevín voči stresu
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Barta Marek PhD.
Annotation:The project is aimed at obtaining original findings on how endophytic microorganisms coexisting asymptomatically in tissues of trees can influence host‘s response to biotic and abiotic stress factors. The project focuses on 2 specific groups of endophytes, entomopathogenic fungi of Beauveria genus and non-nodulating microorganisms participating in fixation of atmospheric N by trees of Caesalpiniaceae family. Knowledge on the existence of entomopathogenic fungi as endophytes in trees, their species spectrum, localization and persistence in tissues are insufficient. Their role and function remain unexplored. Fungi of Beauveria genus are typical facultative insect parasites, and it is assumed that as endophytes they may have a function of bodyguards. In the project we aim to fill knowledge gaps in this area.The ability of certain plants to fix atmospheric N has ecological and economic impact. On the example non-nodulating tree, Gleditsia triacanthos, we plan to determine the microflora responsible for fixing N.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2018

Energy potential of primary production of the above-ground dendromass of forest stands
Energetický potenciál primárnej produkcie nadzemnej dendromasy lesných porastov
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Ing. Kuklová Margita CSc.
Duration: 1.7.2017 - 30.6.2021

Environmental risks of rhododendron cultivation in Mlyňany Arboretum SAS
Environmentálne riziká kultivácie zbierok rododendronov v Arboréte Mlyňany SAV
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Ferus Peter PhD.
Annotation:Rhododendrons (Ericaceae) are characteristic for Mlyňany Arboretum SAS. The rhododendron collection is the greatest attraction for Arboretum’s visitors, hence is the greatest contribution to institution’s budget. The collections are, however, threatened by weather extremes (especially by drought and frost) and biotic factors (pests and diseases). Therefore, it is going to be necessary to revitalize existing genotypic structure of rhododendron exposures. For this reason, in this project we will focus to test of susceptibility of various rhododendron species and hybrid cultivars to dehydration and frost stress. We also plan surveys on incidence of pests and diseases, leading to lab tests of rhododendron resistance against the most dangerous ones. Due to Propagation of rhododendrons is complex, therefore we intend to develop effective methods. This project will provide a survey on invasive lace bug species of Stephanitis genus in Slovakia that significantly threaten rhododendrons in surrounding countries.
Duration: 1.1.2014 - 31.12.2017

Evolutionary ecology of nuptial gift-giving invertebrates: effects of distributional area, environment, phenotype and genetics
Evolučná ekológia bezstavovcov využívajúcich kopulačné dary: vplyv areálu, prostredia, fenotypu a genetiky
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Jarčuška Benjamín PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2018

Phenological manifestations of plants and selected components of biogeochemical cycle in a forest ecosystem in changing environmental conditions.
Fenologické prejavy rastlín a vybrané zložky biogeochemického cyklu lesného ekosystému v meniacich sa podmienkach prostredia
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Schieber Branislav PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

Functionally important animals in the dynamics of forest ecosystems in new environmental conditions
Funkčne významné živočíchy v dynamike lesných ekosystémov v nových environmentálnych podmienkach
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Zach Peter CSc.
Annotation:The project is focusing on occurrence and spatial distribution of important phytophagous insects (pests) and predators (birds) in oak, beech and spruce forests in new environmental conditions as well as on the spread of invasive species in forest ecosystems.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2018

Stress state identification in forest woody plants by a comprehensive eco-physiological approach
Identifikácia stresového stavu lesných drevín prostredníctvom komplexného ekofyziologického prístupu
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Ditmarová Ľubica PhD.
Annotation:The project is aimed at identification of stress factors and primary stress mechanisms (mainly at physiological and growth level) in model woody plant species. The main conceptual innovation of the proposed project is a comprehensive eco-physiological approach used in identification of stress condition in forest woody plants caused by drought, heat, excessive solar radiation and successive biotic damage. The hitherto used approach based mainly on monitoring the health contrition, growth-yield characteristics and environmental parameters cannot embody the whole complex of changes taking place in woody plants in stress conditions. The approach proposed in this project will comprise more details about response to stress of various intensity, by original joining of „traditional methods“ (monitoring of environmental variables, health condition, growth-production characteristics) and physiological or metabolic changes occurring at various structural levels and developmental phases in woody plants.
Duration: 1.1.2014 - 31.12.2017

Information and warning system for invasive organisms in forest and urban environments
Informačný a varovný systém pre invázne organizmy v lesnom a urbánnom prostredí
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Ing. Zach Peter CSc.
Annotation:The project is being focused on establishment of the information and warning system for invasive organisms in forest and urban environments to satisfy the needs of forestry practices, nature conservation and private subjects.
Duration: 1.7.2015 - 30.6.2018

Complex utilization of bark extractives
Komplexné využitie extraktívnych zlúčenín kôry
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Ing. Váľka Jozef CSc.
Duration: 1.7.2015 - 30.6.2019

Microbiocenosis modulation of intestinal and immune response of honeybees using probiotic lactobacilli in a new dosage form
Modulácia črevnej mikrobiocenózy a imunitnej odpovede včiel medonosných pomocou probiotických laktobacilov v novej aplikačnej forme
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Bíliková Katarína PhD.
Duration: 1.4.2016 - 31.12.2018

New methods in an integrated forest protection incorporating the use of entomopathogenic fungi
Nové metódy v integrovanej ochrane lesa zahŕňajúce využitie entomopatogénnych húb
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Kulfan Ján CSc.
Duration: 1.7.2016 - 30.6.2019

Study of the effect of environmental variables on the incidence and spread of chestnut blight in European chestnut (Castane sativa) in Slovakia and possibilities to control this disease
Štúdium vplyvu faktorov prostredia na výskyt a rozšírenie rakoviny kôry gaštana jedlého (Castanea sativa) na Slovensku a možností ochrany proti tejto chorobe
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Bolvanský Milan CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2018

The study of spruce - bark beetles interactions - new possibilities of semiochemicals use
Výskum možností ovplyvnenia systému smrek – podkôrny hmyz s použitím semiochemikálií
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Ing. Jakuš Rastislav PhD.
Duration: 1.7.2016 - 30.9.2019

The total number of projects: 23