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Institute: Institute for Research in Social Communication

Interventions for Reducing Prejudice against Stigmatized Minorities: Developing measures and experimental testing of the contact hypothesis under field conditions.
Intervencie na zmierňovanie predsudkov voči stigmatizovaným minoritám. Vývoj meracích nástrojov a experimentálne testovanie kontaktnej hypotézy v terénnych podmienkach.
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Mgr. Lášticová Barbara PhD.
Annotation:The main objective of the project is to create and experimentally test, via randomized controlled trials (RCT), the efficacy of intervention tools for reducing ethnic and racial prejudice and discriminatory behaviour towards Roma minority members from segregated communities. The project draws on research concerning positive consequences of direct (Pettigrew, Tropp, 2011), imagined (Miles, Crisp, 2014) and vicarious contact (Vezzali et al., 2014) for prejudice reduction. First, we will choose tools for explicit and implicit prejudice measurement, adapt them to the Roma minority as a target outgroup, and validate them in the Slovak context. Second, we will develop and pilot-test three types of interventions, based on three different types of contact (direct, imagined, vicarious) and choose the one with the strongest effect. Third, in the main field experiment via RCT in Slovak high schools, we will test the effect of this main intervention on dependent variables such as attitudes, prejudice and behavioural intentions. Secondary transfer will also be measured, i.e. possible generalization of positive consequences of interventions concerning Roma minority on attitudes towards other stigmatized minorities (Harwood et al, 2010). Fourth, Correspondence Test of Discrimination (Bertrand & Mullainathan, 2004) will be used to test the effect of the main intervention on discriminatory behaviour of the high school pupils towards Roma from marginalized communities. Fifth, we will test the durability of effect of the main intervention and the possibilities of multiplication of project results in secondary education.
Duration: 1.7.2015 - 30.6.2019

New media and lowering the threshold for civic participation in less participating groups: analysis of best practices, “white crow” cases and subjective barriers of participation in Slovakia
Nové médiá a znižovanie prahu pre občiansku participáciu u málo participujúcich skupín: analýza príkladov dobrej praxe, "svetlých výnimiek" a subjektívnych bariér participácie v kontexte SR
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Petrjánošová Magda PhD.
Annotation:In general, a positive influence of new media on civic participation is assumed, but in order to effectively use them it is necessary to have access (digital inequality) and to acquire specific skills (digital literacy). In Slovakia, digital literacy is distributed unevenly in connection to age and economic income. That could limit specific groups in their wish to participate online (and thus replicate the unequal opportunities characteristic for participation in general). Therefore we concentrate on civically active as well as non-active individuals with a special focus on generally less participating groups, such as 1) youth and young adults (15-25); 2) socially excluded youth (defined by income); and 3) seniors (over 60). A combination of semi-structured interviews, critical discursive analysis and secondary analysis of representative questionnaire data is used in order to describe subjective barriers of participation, individual “white crows” cases as well as more broadly used best practices.
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.12.2019

Psychological determinants of activity and participation of children and adolescents with disabilities educated in integrated/inclusive educational settings
Psychologické determinanty aktivity a participácie detí a adolescentov so zdravotným postihnutím vzdelávaných v intergrovanom/inkluzívnom prostredí
Program: VEGA
Project leader: PhDr. Jariabková Katarína PhD.
Annotation:This project is aimed at research of the psychological determinants of activity and participation in various situations of life in children and adolescents with disabilities educated in integrated/inclusive settings. It concentrates on the barriers and facilitators of activity and participation from the perspective of the individuals with disabilities themselves and persons from their close social environment. Research will be conducted in the framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health: Children & Youth (2007). Based on biopsychosocial approach the full inclusion of individual in society, activity and participation as important components of the functional capacity of the individual are emphasized. Psychological analysis will contribute to identify the determinants of activity and participation enable to clarify the conditions for supporting activity and participation and development of functioning of children and adolescents with disabilities.
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.12.2019

Twenty-first century traditional and alternative parenthoods: motivations, dilemmas, and consequences.
Tradičné a alternatívne rodičovstvá 21. storočia: motivácie, dilemy a konzekvencie.
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Popper Miroslav CSc.
Annotation:The project focuses on investigating current social representations of traditional and alternative forms of parenthood from the perspective of their coping and the quality of life. The traditional forms are bound to matrimony, non-traditional forms represent different non-marital coexistence, e.g. cohabitance, professional, adoptive, separated (single, LAT, divorced), lesbian and parenthoods in older age. The objective of the project is to study discourses on parenthoods, to elucidate to what extent the scientific representations reflect on legislature, to analyze social representations of parenthood in mass media and in everyday discussions of the particular groups of parents. At the same time, the project will monitor the prevalence of individual forms of parenthoods in Slovakia. The project aims to clarify what are the motivations leading to parenthood, which barriers people face, how satisfied they are with their parenthood and identify the schemes of coping and the way to the quality of life.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2020

The total number of projects: 4