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Institute: Institute of Geography

Analysis of temporal-spatial dynamics of the selected cultural landscape structures in Slovakia, their protection and sustainable use
Analýza časovo-priestorovej dynamiky vybraných štruktúr kultúrnej krajiny Slovenska, ich ochrana a udržateľné využívanie
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Hanušin Ján CSc.
Annotation:Content and interpretation of the cultural landscape concept are ambiguous. This fact has negative impact on practical landscape management and protection, territorial planning, legal order and public dministration. An overview of the state-of-the-art of cultural landscape studies in literature, specification of theoretical and the methodological basis for the needs of the project is the first objective. The following step is the assessment of the processes, which cause changes in structures of cultural landscape on various hierarchic levels: local, microregional and regional. Studies of structure of cultural landscape and its changes (natural, socio-economic, cultural and historical characteristics) specific methodological procedures are applied on each level. Then the trends of changes are assessed, framework principles and rules of protection and sustainable management of cultural landscape taking into account the concept of sustainability are established.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2017

Flood risk assessment and its integrated management on regional level
Hodnotenie povodňového rizika a jeho integrovaný manažment na regionálnej úrovni
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Solín Ľubomír CSc.
Annotation:The aim of the project is to present basic methodological procedures of integrated assessment and management of flood risk on regional level using case studies. Integrated flood risk management is the result of combination of data about systemic and random factors determining the potential of flood hazard in a basin and the data expressing vulnerability of social, economic and environmental systems of the territory to flood. The necessary entry data are obtained by field research, questionnaire enquiry, from geodata and dasymetric mapping. Evaluation ends by identification of spatial variability of flood risk in a basin. Flood risk management is based on the concept of optimal strategy of flood risk management, which is the result of combined reduction of flood scope strategy, reduction of vulnerability strategy and the strategy for mitigation of the negative consequences.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2017

Intergenerational social networks in an aging city, continuity and innovation
Medzigeneračné sociálne siete v starnúcich mestách, kontinuita a inovácie
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Prof. RNDr. Ira Vladimír CSc.
Annotation:The process of aging is a development process at a high complexity level. It concerns all age categories in a population. In the process of aging, proportion of the elderly grows, motivating change in design of the social sphere, in formal and informal social care. It is estimated that 13% of seniors need help at home, 7-8% need systematic care, and 5% of them need institutional care. In 2014, the mean life expectancy at birth was 73 years for men and 80 years for women. Aging is associated with further specific phenomena in economic development (aging workforce), health care, and particularly financial sustainability of the pension system. Quality of life in old age is also affected by the quality of social networks. Their absence leads to social exclusion and loneliness. According to qualitative surveys, loneliness is one of the most serious concerns of the elderly. Loneliness starts and worsens the course of pathological phenomena associated mainly with older age, manifested in mental and physical condition. People reduce their participation in economic activities and often even in daily life of their family. This factor is beyond the understanding of individuality with a certain biological predisposition, since it includes family history, and lifestyle in social context. This project focuses on loneliness of the elderly in urban environment. Surprisingly, in the context of high population density, variation of lifestyles, attitudes, interests we can expect increased likelihood for innovative ways of dealing with practical implications of loneliness. Mostly, we expect presence of informal links between neighbors, acquaintances, colleagues, or random people met in public space. City has huge potential to reduce loneliness of the elderly, improve quality of their daily lives and thus address one of the most serious factors with far consequences. Slovak society is facing intensive aging of population and the problem will become more serious in the future.
Duration: 1.7.2016 - 30.6.2020

Response of geomorphic-sedimentary connectivity/disconnectivity in fluvial system to environmental impacts
Odozva geomorfologicko-sedimentovej spojitosti/nespojitosti fluviálneho systému na environmentálne vplyvy
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Lehotský Milan CSc.
Annotation:The project is aimed at research of sediment fluxes/landforms connectivity/disconnectivity in gravel bed and andering-braided river systems and the bypassed reach of a large river. The long-term as well as short-term variability of sediment/landforms coupling due to human and climate changes impacts are investigated using the multi-temporal analysis of remote sensed data as well as data obtained by field campaigns. Attention is paid to the research of river connectivity/disconnectivity adjustment due to recent short-term land cover changes at the at the catchment scale, to recognition of the spatial variability in connectivity as a response to long term changes at the valley segment scale, to assessment of channel-floodplain linkages of different channel landforms, their response in succession of vegetation, floodplain roughness characteristics, to giving insight into the coupling operation at reach scale as the response of contemporary fluctuations in hydrological regime (extreme flood events).
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2017

Growing and deepening ineguality in regions of Slovakia and the effects on polarisation of human development
Rast a prehlbovanie nerovností na Slovensku a ich vplyv na polarizáciu ľudského rozvoja v regiónoch
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Michálek Anton CSc.
Annotation:Increasing global disparities trigger many serious problems in all countries and populations. Concentration of wealth in hands of a small group of persons opens an ever bigger gap between the very rich and the rest of population. It causes existential problems to the majority of population strata not only in the developing world but also in the developed countries. This trend is also evident in Slovakia where inequality is in addition characterised by a marked spatial differentiation. Research backed by empirical results confirmed that Slovakia in spite of rather high economic growth is one of the countries with increasing disparities. Distinctly negative consequences associated with increasing disparities are especially observable in underdeveloped regions. Disparities limit their chances of expansion, quality of life, human development, etc. The project focuses on quantification of relevant disparities, establishment of the rate of their deepening in time and determination of their effects on selected characteristics of human development.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

Regional divergence, spatial disparities and marginal regions in the context of socio-economic development in Slovakia
Regionálna divergencia, priestorové nerovnosti a marginálne regióny v kontexte sociálno-ekonomického vývoja na Slovensku
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Michálek Anton CSc.
Annotation:One of the priorities of the EU cohesion programme is to project the results of economic growth into elimination of disparities between regions. In spite of preference (also financial) given to this aim it is obvious, that the policy of regional convergence does not have the expected effects and requires search for new options for the solution of problems determined by increasing divergence. The aim of the project is to investigate disparities and problems of some mostly marginal regions (MR) of Slovakia in the context of relevant divergence theories of regional development. The project focuses on the analysis of relationships and implications between economic growth, socio-economic and demographic development, regional divergence and disparities and their qualitative and quantitative expression. Empirical aim of the project will be to classify socio-economic MR, determine the rate of their marginality and to assess and predict their future development in case the trend of regional divergence would continue.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2017

Development trajectories of localities and regions - product of sector and spatial policies, territorial capital and decisions
Rozvojové trajektórie lokalít a regiónov – produkt odvetvových a priestorových politík, teritoriálneho kapitálu a rozhodnutí
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Székely Vladimír CSc.
Annotation:Localities and regions with different values of their territorial capital are subject to not only continuous development but also to dynamic changes. Their different trajectories have been caused by specific responses to globalisation, dynamic changes in sector and spatial policies, which influence strategic, spatially selective decisions of investors and common population. Presence or absence of development incentives in localities and regions along with the level of their adaptation to the changed conditions and a creative use of their endogenous potential lead to a distinct spatial differentiation. The aim of the project is search for causes and mapping (identification) of impact of changes on the assessment and use of the territorial capital of selected localities and regions on preservation or change of their development paradigms and trajectories.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2017

Suburbanization - development and impacts on socio-spatial structure in Bratislava hinterland
Suburbanizácia - vývoj a dopady na sociálno-priestorovú štruktúru zázemia Bratislavy
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Mgr. Šveda Martin PhD.
Annotation:The processes of suburbanization – changes caused by transfer of inhabitants from cities towards the rural hinterland – have been occurring in Slovakia and more specifically in the vicinity of the capital city for more than 20 years. Suburbanization in the hinterland of Bratislava represents the most significant transformation in residential and socio-spatial relations in the post-socialist history of Slovakia, whose trajectory and parameters significantly affect the future development possibilities of this dynamically growing region. In spite of the intensity and various impacts there have not been realized any comprehensive study on this complicated phenomenon. Yet, negative effects of suburbanization in Bratislava hinterland stress the need for this material. In this context, project is focused on evaluation of intensity and spatial range of suburbanization in Bratislava hinterland, its demographic and social impacts and spatial patterns of development. Besides the standard methods of social sciences, state-of-the-art methods of dynamically developing GIS and remote sensing will be deployed to fulfil these objectives. In addition to in-depth analysis of particular aspects of suburbanization the project attempts to seek relations of mutual interdependencies and connectivity necessary for its comprehensive evaluation.
Duration: 1.7.2017 - 30.6.2020

Specifics of time-space human behaviour under the impact of socio-economic changes
Špecifiká časovo-priestorového správania človeka pod vplyvom spoločensko-ekonomických zmien
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Prof. RNDr. Ira Vladimír CSc.
Annotation:The aim of the project is the analysis and assessment of time-space behaviour of population under the impact of socio-economic changes. Two social phenomena will be the focus of this project. The first is transformation of retail under the effects of globalisation and internationalisation and the implicated change of population’s shopping behaviour. The second phenomenon is the change of population’s everyday life with numerous specificities of time-space behavioural patterns depending of nature of environment (urban, suburban and rural). The project is based on the methodical and conceptual framework of time-geography using new procedures in collecting and analysis of individual time-space records. First of all it is advanced processing data in the GIS (network analysis 3D modelling, etc.) Using the dual record of population’s activities by means of time-space budgets (diaries) and precise GPS location it is possible to obtain a unique database about everyday life with high time-space precision.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2017

Effect of impermeable soil cover on urban climate in the context of climate change
Vplyv nepriepustného pokrytia pôdy na klímu miest v kontexte klimatickej zmeny
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Doc. RNDr. Feranec Ján DrSc.
Annotation:Impervious surfaces affect the mezzo- and micro- climate of urban settlements. They contribute to formation of undesirable UHI (Urban Heat Islands), considerably reduce functions and ecosystem services of soil and limit water absorption. Land occupation and soil sealing along with the processes of global climate change bring significant negative effects not only for society and economy but they also affect the living standard and health condition of urban population. Big areas of continuous urban fabric contribute to the increase of mean temperature and extreme heats in summer in microclimatic comparison with the areas of the settlement greenery, gardens and landscape parks. The aim of the Project is to identify and assess the effects of impervious surfaces in urban agglomerations on the mezzo- and micro-climate in conditions of climate change. The basic premise for the solution is the analysis of intensity of construction and causes of its changes, as well as identification of UHI by interpretation of satellite images. The compiled database will be compared to the assessment of climate development in the cities by preparation of urban scenarios of climate change. The results will be confronted with the terrestrial meteorological measurement. The analysis will be accompanied by the impact estimate of impervious surfaces on the urban environment and urban population and the assessment of the effect of soil and greenery on sustainable management of urban territories. The Project will be applied to three cities: Bratislava, Trnava and Žilina, characterised by extremely extensive constructions with the minimal respect for the intrinsic risk of the changed climatic conditions. The outputs of the Project may bring a very important tool for the informed and scientific planning and decisionmaking processes of communal authorities in terms of environmental territorial design. Measures with stress on conservation of the environmental quality in the context of adaptat
Duration: 1.7.2016 - 30.6.2020

Changes in Agricultural Land Use: Assessment of the Dynamics and Causes Applying Land Cover Data and Selected Environmental Characteristics
Zmeny vo využívaní poľnohospodárskej krajiny: hodnotenie dynamiky a príčin pomocou údajov o krajinnej pokrývke a vybraných environmentálnych vlastností
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Pazúr Róbert PhD.
Annotation:Localities with agricultural use are among the most dynamic ones regarding the size and susceptibility to changes. Data obtained by remote sensing play an irreplaceable role in the analysis and spatial differentiation of this dynamics. Nature and span of changes, however, is modified by different socio-economic factors and natural conditions. The principal aim of this Project is to comprehend changes in the agricultural landscape in the period from 1970 to 2012 by identification of changes in agricultural land use and assessment of factors determining their frequency. The Project lays particular emphasis on the assessment of extensification, intensification and constructions on the farmland. The Project also assesses changes in agricultural land use in the forthcoming 60 years in Slovakia by means of innovative methods. Regarding the nature of the Project, which locates it in an interface of humanities and natural sciences, the expected outputs offer a vast potential both for the science and planning.
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.12.2018

The total number of projects: 11