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Institute: Earth Science Institute of the SAS

Accessory minerals as indicators of geological processes of Precambrian granitoids formation and their metalogenetic potential (Ukrainian Shield)
Akcesorické minerály ako indikátory geologických procesov formovania granitoidov prekambria a ich metalogenetický potenciál (Ukrajinský štít)
Program: Inter-academic agreement
Project leader: RNDr. Broska Igor DrSc.
Annotation:Ukrainian Shield as a unique Precambrian structures situated within European continent include two Proterozoic terraines (megablocks) – Volyn and Ingul megablocks. These megablocks mostly comprize granites formed in different geodynamic settings with wide range of ages and associated ore occurrence and deposits. Ingul megablock (IM) is treated to bee an orogenic region formed as the result of collision between Middle Dnieper granite-greenstone terrain situated on the West and Volyn microcontinent on the East. The merger of both plate and the formation of one-pies collision seam had occurred on the brink of AR3-PR1. The central part of Ingul megablock is treated as fragment of transregional shear zone (Kherson – Smolensk) all structures of which are formed during the the development of this zone. At about 2,1-2,0 billion years, granites of Kirovograd and Novoukrainka types were formed in collision setting. Kirovograd granites are distributed in Central-Wester part of Ingul megablock within regional scale structure known as Ingul sinclinorium. These granites are formed after supracrustal rocks of Ingul-Ingulets series and as a result of prograde ultra metamorphism, occurred in aweakened zone under the drop of pressure. Kirovograd granites are represented by porphyric, equigranular, aplito-pegmatoide, aplite and pegmatite varieties. Geochemical (trace ellement) patterns obtained for these granites indicate that these granites might be related to S-type. Uranium deposit associated with this type of granites can be classified into two genetic types: 1) deposits of potassic-uranium genetic type found in granitic pegmatites similar to that of Rössing type. Among economic ore occurences are Th-REE-U mineralization of Balka Korabelna deposit and three small Th-U deposits (Southern, Kalinovka, Lozovatka) which have been discovered in the south-western part of the Kirovograd continental block; 2) deposits of sodic-uranium genetic type (Novokonstantynivka, Michurinka, Central, Vatutinka, Severynka, Dokuchaevka, Aprelskoe) o are associated with sodic metasomatites (albitites) which are developed after different types of rocks – (gneisses and schists of the Ingul-Ingulets series and pegmatitic granites patially (and genetically?) associated with two-feldspar granites of the Novoukrainka and Kirovograd complexes. Deposits of Li and ore occurrences of Ta, Cs, Rb, Nb, Be, Sn (LCT-type pegmatites) (Polohivka deposit and Stankuvatka ore occurrence) are associated with Li-pegmatites and metasomatites that are considered to be formed at apical part of aplite-pegmatites and granite massifs of Kirovograd type. Volyn (terraine) megablock is the region of tectonic-magmatic activisation which is interpreted to be formedas result of collision between Fennoscandia and Sarmatian segment of West-Europian craton. Intrusive granitoids of Osnytsk types form rock series as a part of Osnytsk-Mikashevychi Vulcano-plutonic association. The Osnytsk-Mikashevychi belt (being the part of large scale Volyn belt) is extending to the North-East of the Central Russian volcanic belt up to the Timan region. This structure border Fennoscandia from Volga-Uralia and Sarmatia along which tectonic movement and magmatic activisation occurred in these crustal blocks. According to isotopic data availiable the granites are thought to be formed from primary melt of mantlle origin. The final stage of major orogenic events occurred within Volyn megablock were manifesyed by the intrusion of Korosten pluton in anorogenic setting. The intrusion was preceded by unstable subplatform regime in the peripheral part of the Osnytsk orogenic belt. It formation was finished at 1,8-1,74 billion years ago. Korosten pluton is complex polyphase intrusive of anorthosite-rapakivi-granite formation (ARGF). The intrusion of Korosten type is the oldest among widely known world occurrence of ARGF. In addition, it is the largest pluton ARGF of West-European craton as well as among all plutons found in Ukrainian Shield. About 75% of total area of Korosten pluton is comprized by rapakivi and rapakivi-like granites. Other 25 % is covered by the basic and hybrid type rocks. According to geochemical features these granites should be related to granites of A-type. This project is aimed at intensification of the scientific cooperation between scientists of the Geological institution of Slovakia Academy of Sciences and National academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Sharing the scientific experience can help to solve a scientific fundamental problem and to find general features of distribution mineralization and economic ore occurrences/deposits both within territories of Slovakia and Ukraine
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2019

AlpArray
AlpArray
Program: Multilateral - other
Project leader: Mgr. Csicsay Kristián PhD.
Annotation:AlpArray is an initiative to study the greater Alpine area with high-quality broadband seismology experiments using temporary deployments. The main goal is to gather different national efforts and instrument pools into a trans-national collaboration including data acquisition, processing and imaging. The geodynamic interpretation will be based on joint Earth science discipline efforts (geology, seismology, gravimetry, magnetotellurics, GPS, numerical and analogue modelling).
Duration: 1.1.2013 - 31.1.2020

Application of a new automated software system (GTM-Auto) for creation of a new 3D complex model of the lithosphere in the Carpathian-Pannoniam Basin region.
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Program: Inter-academic agreement
Project leader: prof. RNDr. Bielik Miroslav DrSc.
Duration: 6.4.2017 - 5.4.2019

Time Dependent Seismology
Časovo závislá seizmológia
Program: COST
Project leader: prof. RNDr. Moczo Peter DrSc.
Annotation:Seismology is learning to use the full-length records of seismic events and background ambient noise to go beyond still-life snapshots of the interior of the Earth, and look into time-dependent changes of its properties. Data availability has grown dramatically with the expansion of seismographic networks and data centers, and new efforts are bringing in highly promising, unconventional records of earth vibrations, so as to build prospects of more detailed and accurate analyses. New modelling techniques hold promise for deeper exploitation of information contained in the data. COST Action TIDES (TIme DEpendent Seismology) aims at structuring the EU seismological community to enable development of data-intensive, time-dependent techniques for monitoring Earth active processes (e.g., earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, glacial earthquakes) as well as oil/gas reservoirs. TIDES will network European laboratories in Academia and Industry with complementary skills and will organise a series of workshops and advanced schools to train the next generation of scientists. TIDES will facilitate the exploitation of massive data sets collected by European observational infrastructures - coordinated through the ESFRI EPOS - through the use of high-performance computing facilities. TIDES will strengthen Europe's role in a critical field for natural hazards and natural resource management.
Duration: 3.11.2014 - 2.11.2018

Distribution patterns of diatoms and ostracods in the Slovakian and Bulgarian Neogene lake systems
Distribúcia rozsievok a lastúrničiek v neogénnych jazerných systémoch Slovenska a Bulharska
Program: Inter-academic agreement
Project leader: Dr. Kyška-Pipík Radovan PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2018

Electrical conductivity and geological structure in the West Carpathians and its transition to the Bohemian Massif
Elektrická vodivost a geologická stavba Západných Karpát a ich prechodu k Českému masívu
Program: Inter-academic agreement
Project leader: RNDr. Bezák Vladimír CSc.
Annotation:The aim of the project is to interpret the structure of the Earth’s crust of the West Carpathians in the area of southern and south-eastern Slovakia by jointly modelling geophysical and tectonic data in the region. Available seismic, magnetic and gravity data will be modelled jointly with broad-band magnetotelluric data, which have been either made available from previous experiments or will be partly collected by targeted experiments within this project. Owing to its sensitivity to spatially localized accumulations of highly conductive fractions, either fluids or electronic conductors related to tectonic disturbances in the crust, the electrical conductivity effectively complements geophysical images of the Earth’s crust by providing estimates on the spatial distribution of significant tectonic zones at great depths. The obtained synthetic physical models will be utilized for the interpretation of deep tectonic zones and of the deep geological structure of the Earth’s crust within the frame of the General geological map of the Slovak Republic 1:200.000.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2017

A European network for a harmonized monitoring of snow for the benefit of climate change scenarios, hydrology and numerical weather prediction
Európska sieť pre harmonizovaný monitoring snehu pre klimatické scenáre, hydrológiu a numerické predpovede počasia
Program: COST
Project leader: RNDr. Nejedlík Pavol CSc.
Duration: 10.11.2014 - 9.11.2018

Global evolutionary patterns and envoronmental change indicated by the fossil record of cockroaches, termites and mantises (AMBA framework)
Evolučné princípy a globálne zmeny prostredia dokumentované záznamom švábov, termitov a modliviek (v rámci projektu AMBA)
Program: UNESCO
Project leader: Mgr. Vršanský Peter PhD.
Annotation:Aim of the AMBA are evolutionary studies implemented to environmental protection of large scale primeval forests and fulfilling the aims of UNESCO (MAB, WH). Aim of the subproject is the analysis of the group and its evolutionary pattern as fine as possible in the world scale a derivation of origin of social life in animals (based on 100.000 fossil samples, dinosaur-age amber inclusive).
Duration: 1.1.2009 - 31.12.2018

CONTINENTAL CRISES OF THE JURASSIC: MAJOR EXTINCTION EVENTS AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES WITHIN LACUSTRINE ECOSYSTEMS
Jurské kontinentálne krízy: hlavné vymieracie udalosti a zmeny prostredia v lakustrinných ekosystémoch
Program: UNESCO
Project leader: doc. RNDr. Michalík Jozef DrSc.
Annotation:This IGCP project will more specifically focus on the Jurassic Period, starting with the mass extinction event that occurred 202 million years ago just prior to the Triassic-Jurassic boundary, through the Toarican anoxic event 183 million year ago and finally covering the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary at 145 million years ago where major lake systems expanded over continents. The Jurassic and Cretaceous constitute the ‘age of the dinosaurs’, a time interval with green house conditions when perennially warm vegetation types extended into the high-latitudes of Scandinavia, Greenland, China and in fact to the poles. The research focuses on major events and their relation to climatic and environmental changes within these ancient lacustrine ecosystems, and the correlation with the marine realm. Additionally, our project has a strong component of applied Earth sciences because these sediments host significant fossil fuel resources, including coal, gas and petroleum that are stored in the sub-surface. Organic-rich shales and limestones are a prominent feature of most of our target areas. Future developments prosperous society depends on access to energy resources, the negative effects of burned fossil fuels can be mitigated by CO2 sequestration, where carbon dioxide is removed from the flue gas and stored in underground reservoirs.
Duration: 1.1.2014 - 31.12.2018

Climate-environmental deteriorations during Greenhouse phases: Causes and consequences of short-term Cretaceous sea-level changes
Klimaticko-environmentalne zhoršenie počas skleníkových fáz: príčiny a následky krátkodobých kriedových zmien morskej hladiny
Program: UNESCO
Project leader: doc. RNDr. Michalík Jozef DrSc.
Annotation:The recent rise in sea-level in response to increasing levels of atmospheric greenhouse gases and the associated global warming is a primary concern for society. Evidence from Earth’s history indicate that glacial-interglacial and some more ancient sea-level changes occurred at rates an order of magnitude or more higher than that observed at present. To predict future sea-levels we need a better understanding of the record of past sea-level change. In contrast to glacial eustasy controlled mainly by waxing and waning of continental ice sheets, short-time sea-level changes during major greenhouse episodes of the earth history are known but still poorly understood. The global versus regional correlation and extend, their causes, and consequences of these sea-level changes are strongly debated. The proposed project addresses correlation, causes and consequences of significant short-term, i.e. kyr to 100s of kyr, sea-level changes during the last major greenhouse episode of earth history, the Cretaceous. The long-term sea-level record, i.e. 1st to 2nd order cycles occurring over millions to tens of millions of years, is controlled by the internal dynamic history of the Earth. The changing rates of ocean crust production led first to long-term sea-level rise, high stands, and then decline during Cretaceous times. However, superposed shorter-term, 3rd to 4th order (kyr to 100s of kyr), sea level changes are recorded in Cretaceous sedimentary sequences. The mechanisms for these are controversial and include brief glacial episodes, storage and release of groundwater, regional tectonism and mantle-induced processes. Recent refinements of the geological time scale using new radiometric dates and numerical calibration of bio-zonations, carbon and strontium isotope curves, paleomagnetic reversals, and astronomically calibrated time scales have made major advances for the Cretaceous. Major international efforts such as EARTHTIME, EARTHTIME-EU and GTSnext programs are improving the Cretaceous time scale to yield a resolution comparable to that of younger Earth history. It is now for the first time possible to correlate and date short-term Cretaceous sea-level records with a resolution appropriate for their detailed analysis. This project will investigate mid- to Late Cretaceous (120 Ma – 66 Ma) sea-level cycles in detail in order to differentiate and quantify both short- and long-term records within the new high-resolution absolute time scale based on orbital cyclicity. The time interval for study begins with the first major oceanic anoxic event (OAE 1a) and terminates at the end of the Cretaceous. It includes the time of super-greenhouse conditions, the major oceanic anoxic events, the Cretaceous Thermal Maximum and the subsequent cooling to ordinary greenhouse conditions. The first major goal is to correlate high-resolution sea-level records from globally distributed sedimentary archives to the new, high-resolution absolute time scale, using sea-water isotope curves and orbital (405, 100 kyr eccentricity) cycles. This will resolve the question whether the observed short-term sea-level changes are regional (tectonic) or global (eustatic) and determine their possible relation to climate cycles. The second goal will be the calculation of rates of sea-level change during the Cretaceous greenhouse episode. Rates of geologically short-term sea-level change on a warm Earth will help to better evaluate recent global change and to assess the role of feedback mechanisms, i.e. thermal expansion/contraction of seawater, subsidence due to loading by water, changing vegetation of the Earth System. The third goal will be to investigate the relation of sea-level highs and lows to ocean anoxia and oxidation events, represented by black shales and oceanic red beds, and to evaluate the evidence for ephemeral glacial episodes or other climate events. Multi-record and multi-proxy studies will provide a high-resolution scenario for entire sea-level cycles and allow development of quantitative models for sea-level changes in greenhouse episodes
Duration: 25.4.2014 - 31.12.2019

Foraminiferal research consortium
Konzorcium pre výskum foraminifer
Program: Other
Project leader: doc. RNDr. Soták Ján DrSc.
Annotation:FRESCO "Foraminiferal Research Consortium" is an international project oriented to research on coastal benthic foraminifera. It is an international consortium of researchers from 4 laboratories of the Pays de la Loire Region and 15 international partners. The topic of the FRESCO project is intended in microbiology, test mineralogy, geochemistry, vital functions of foraminifera and their ecology in recent and fossil coastal ecosystems.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2018

Low-frequency fluctuations of the geomagnetic field and their bioresponse effects in case of water characteristics, luminescent bacteria and yeast granules
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Program: Inter-academic agreement
Project leader: RNDr. Váczyová Magdaléna PhD.
Duration: 6.4.2017 - 31.12.2019

Brachiopods As SEnsitive tracers of gLobal mariNe Environment: Insights from alkaline, alkaline Earth metal, and metalloid trace element ratios and isotope systems
Ramenonožce ako senzitívni stopári morského prostredia: postrehy z pomerov alkalických kovov, kovov alkalických zemín a stopových prvkov a izotopových systémov
Program: Horizon 2020
Project leader: Mgr. Tomašových Adam PhD.
Annotation:BASE-LiNE Earth is an international training, research and career development network for highly motivated young scientists, who are exposed to state-of-the-art research on one hand and to a comprehensive training programme on the other. Data on seawater composition are essential for understanding long-term chemical processes of socio-economic dimension like the evolution of life, land-ocean interaction, atmospheric chemistry, ecosystem adaptation to climate change, oceanic trace metal cycling, and for applied geological processes like the formation of submarine energy resources. BASE-LiNE Earth offers societally important deliverables like time series of past trace element and isotope cycling and models about ocean material fluxes in and out of the Phanerozoic Ocean through 15 graduate projects. 15 Early Stage Researchers (ESRs) will contribute to extend the knowledge on the complex and long-term Phanerozoic seawater history by the determination of original proxy information preserved in reliable ancient geological archives using cutting edge technologies and experimental approaches.
Duration: 1.10.2015 - 31.12.2018

Climate-environmental deteriorations during greenhouse phases: Causes and consequences of short-term Cretaceous sea-level changes
Zhoršovanie podnebia počas skleníkových fáz: príčiny a následky krátkodobých zmien úrovne morskej hladiny
Program: UNESCO
Project leader: doc. RNDr. Michalík Jozef DrSc.
Annotation:This project investigates mid- to Late Cretaceous (120 Ma – 66 Ma) sea-level cycles in detail in order to differentiate and quantify both short- and long-term records within the new high-resolution absolute time scale based on orbital cyclicity. The time interval for study begins with the first major oceanic anoxic event (OAE 1a) and terminates at the end of the Cretaceous. It includes the time of super-greenhouse conditions, the major oceanic anoxic events, the Cretaceous Thermal Maximum and the subsequent cooling. The first major goal is to correlate high-resolution sea-level records from globally distributed sedimentary archives to the new, high-resolution absolute time scale, using sea-water isotope curves and orbital (405, 100 kyr eccentricity) cycles. This will resolve the question whether the observed short-term sea-level changes are regional (tectonic) or global (eustatic) and determine their possible relation to climate cycles. The second goal is the calculation of rates of sea-level change during the Cretaceous greenhouse episode. Rates of geologically short-term sea-level change on a warm Earth will help to better evaluate recent global change and to assess the role of feedback mechanisms, i.e. thermal expansion / contraction of seawater, subsidence due to loading by water, changing vegetation on the Earth. The third goal investigates the relation of sea-level highs and lows to ocean anoxia and oxidation events, represented by black shales and oceanic red beds, and to evaluate the evidence for ephemeral glacial episodes or other climate events. Multi-record and multi-proxy studies should provide a high-resolution scenario for entire sea-level cycles and allow development of quantitative models for sea-level changes in greenhouse episodes.
Duration: 1.1.2013 - 31.12.2017

The total number of projects: 14