The Institute of Plant Genetics and Biotechnology of the Slovak Academy of Sciences (IPGB SAS) was established in 1990 as the Institute of Plant Genetics. In this time, the preferential orientation was focused towards actual problems of plant genetics and breeding of selected agriculturally important crop plants, forest and fruit trees. In 1998, due to methodological and scientific orientation, the Presidium of SAS changed the name of institute to the Institute of Plant Genetics and Biotechnology SAS. Recently, the research of organization is focused on plant population genetics and breeding, molecular biology and biotechnology, reproductive and developmental biology. Currently, the research activities of the organization have subsequently been extended to the advanced scientific disciplines such as systems biology, plant genomics and proteomics. For the mentioned research activities, the organization is fully technically equipped and these research areas are covered by professionally qualified, experienced staff. At present, the research and research-related activities at IPGB SAS are carried out within three existing departments and several project teams.