Information Page of SAS Organisation

Institute of Geography

International projects

ATBIOMAP - Advanced Techniques for Biomass Mapping in Abandoned Agriculture Land using Novel Combination of Optical and Radar Remote Sensing Sensors
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Program: European Space Agency (ESA)
Project leader: Doc. RNDr. Feranec Ján DrSc.
Duration: 1.5.2018 - 30.4.2020

CLIMASTEPPE - Solutions for climate-smart land use in the dry steppes of Russia
Riešenia pre klimaticky vhodné poľnohospodárstvo v suchých stepných oblastiach Ruska
Program: ERANET
Project leader: Mgr. Pazúr Róbert PhD.
Annotation:In future there would be need to supply more agricultural products to meet demands from increasing world population. However, adverse impacts of climate change will hit major breadbaskets, and more heavily, the agricultural frontiers, such as the Russian dry steppes, where negative impacts of climate change are projected. The Russian dry steppes also is a region where adoption of climate-smart agriculture may allow reducing the negative impacts of climate change, cut the Greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions and result in defragmentation of steppes. We face a “hot moment” because after 1991 economy restructuring resulted in massive agricultural land abandonment and the restoration of steppes. Recent plans about recultivation of steppes underscore the importance to evaluate the trade-offs between agricultural expansion and ecosystem services. The ultimate goal of the project is to assess the ability of the Russian dry steppes to mitigate negative projections of climate change by adopting climate-smart agriculture. We will also assess the optimal land use under the changing climatic conditions with an account for the expected profit versus potential reduction of GHG emissions per each unit of produced agricultural commodity. The project will fill methodological and thematic gaps- the advancement of monitoring land-use intensity and ecosystem modeling, mapping land-use/ land-cover change (LULCC) in the dry steppes of European Russia from 1990 to 2017, assessment of reduction of GHG emissions under the different scenarios. The project advances a theoretical background on drivers of land transformation in Russia, taking profit from contrasting Russia with case studies in Slovakia & Switzerland. The project will also focus on strengthening international collaboration, training young scientists, making outputs publically available, outreach, linkage to policymaking via IPCC, IPBES, Global Land Project initiatives, by working with the Russian Government.
Duration: 1.4.2018 - 31.3.2021

Socio-economic vulnerability and resilience of regions in Poland and Slovakia
Sociálno-ekonomická zraniteľnosť a odolnosť regiónov v Poľsku a na Slovensku
Program: Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader: RNDr. Székely Vladimír CSc.
Annotation:Terms vulnerability and resilience comes from environmental studies and become more popular in social and economic sciences. The main aim of the common project is to take a closer look on this topic and see how regions of Poland and Slovakia cope with these issues. What are the common risks which both countries will have to face, and how important they are for different regions? Therefore present application will be focused on investigating various types of risks for regions, how they reacted in the past and how authorities can adapt to the present changes. The aim of the joint research project is to recognise, identify, explore various risk related to socio-economic processes and their influence in regional and national scales on living conditions, quality of life, social well being, economic growth on the regional level. The task will be accomplished by creating the system of indicators, according to the following steps: firstly a connection of some indicators with economic, social and environmental dimensions, then with the descriptive categories of vulnerability and resilience and finally, the macro-themes that define them; selection of elementary variables defined in the theoretical step; and create at the level of macro-variables and, in a second moment, at the level of the vulnerability and resilience descriptors. Those actions will allow to create tool for regional analysis which can produce an assessment, as synthetic as comprehensive at the same time, of regional vulnerability and resilience.
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.12.2018

Common approaches to assessment of spatial development in Slovakia and Ukraine
Spoločné prístupy k hodnoteniu priestorového rozvoja Slovenska a Ukrajiny
Program: Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Project leader: RNDr. Székely Vladimír CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2019


National projects

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Diskontinuity vo vývoji slovenského geografického myslenia v 20. a 21. storočí: objektívna a subjektívna dimenzia
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Prof. RNDr. Ira Vladimír CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

Evolution of localities and regions: new theoretical and empirical approaches to understanding of spatial development paradigms
Evolúcia lokalít a regiónov: nové teoretické a empirické prístupy k porozumeniu priestorových rozvojových paradigiem
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Székely Vladimír CSc.
Annotation:Evolutionary economic geography offers a unique way of thinking which responds to the dynamic changes in society. Its endeavour to attain the complexity greatly contributes to comprehension of the differentiated spatial development. The objective of the project is to exploit the assets of its theoretical, methodological and intellectual apparatus employed for the sake of deeper cognition and explanation of the causes of the Slovak, by own history determined, spatial heterogeneity. The core and simultaneously sealant of the project is identification of the key developmental and development threatening stimuli from selected sectors of national economy (transport,tourism, energetics, ...) followed by the analysis of reaction and evolution of hierarchically created spatial units. The direction, content and scope of developmental changes in localities and regions will be partially confronted with the new regional policy of the EU which declares orientation to their smart, sustainable and inclusive growth.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

Evaluation of the transformation of natural and socio-cultural diversity of the cultural landscape in Slovakia (on example of selected areas)
Hodnotenie transformácie prírodnej a sociálno-kultúrnej diverzity kultúrnej krajiny Slovenska (na príklade vybraných území)
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Hanušin Ján CSc.
Annotation:The cultural landscape is a testimony to the current way of life and also the materialization of long-term interventions of our ancestors to the landscape, manifested in the form of historical cultural landscape. In addition to the material dimension the historical cultural landscape (HCL) has an intangible socio-cultural dimension,which is determined by the historical context of its formation and by the way its contemporaries perceive its values and functioning. Analysis of terminological inconsistencies and evaluation of the implementation of HCL issues into the Slovak legal system will be the first goal of this project. The methodology of identifying the HCL in typologically different model areas will follow. The main objective will be the demonstration of the methodology for the assessment of natural and socio-cultural diversity of HCL, its comparison with the current cultural landscape, a determination of the level of its transformation and an outline of the possibilities of its preservation.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

Integrated Flood Risk Assessment: A Basis for Updating of the Flood Risk Management Plans
Integrované hodnotenie povodňového rizika: východisko pre aktualizáciu plánov manažmentu povodňového rizika
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Solín Ľubomír CSc.
Annotation:The aim of the project is to present a proposal for updating of the first flood risk management plans for municipalities of the Myjava District. The update is focused on integrated flood risk assessment which is based on the idea that evaluating the disaster risk, the social production of vulnerability needs to be considered with at least the same importance that is devoted to understanding and addressing natural hazards. The proposed flood risk management plans contain measures to reduce flood hazard which concern the whole basin and not just watercourses. Moreover, the management includes measures to reduce the vulnerability of households to flood hazard. The third important aspect of updated flood risk management plans is public participation in the process of designing flood prevention measures. Determination of the optimal flood risk management is a result of the assessment of several alternatives.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

STARCI - Intergenerational social networks in an aging city, continuity and innovation
Medzigeneračné sociálne siete v starnúcich mestách, kontinuita a inovácie
Program: APVV
Project leader: Prof. RNDr. Ira Vladimír CSc.
Annotation:The process of aging is a development process at a high complexity level. It concerns all age categories in a population. In the process of aging, proportion of the elderly grows, motivating change in design of the social sphere, in formal and informal social care. It is estimated that 13% of seniors need help at home, 7-8% need systematic care, and 5% of them need institutional care. In 2014, the mean life expectancy at birth was 73 years for men and 80 years for women. Aging is associated with further specific phenomena in economic development (aging workforce), health care, and particularly financial sustainability of the pension system. Quality of life in old age is also affected by the quality of social networks. Their absence leads to social exclusion and loneliness. According to qualitative surveys, loneliness is one of the most serious concerns of the elderly. Loneliness starts and worsens the course of pathological phenomena associated mainly with older age, manifested in mental and physical condition. People reduce their participation in economic activities and often even in daily life of their family. This factor is beyond the understanding of individuality with a certain biological predisposition, since it includes family history, and lifestyle in social context. This project focuses on loneliness of the elderly in urban environment. Surprisingly, in the context of high population density, variation of lifestyles, attitudes, interests we can expect increased likelihood for innovative ways of dealing with practical implications of loneliness. Mostly, we expect presence of informal links between neighbors, acquaintances, colleagues, or random people met in public space. City has huge potential to reduce loneliness of the elderly, improve quality of their daily lives and thus address one of the most serious factors with far consequences. Slovak society is facing intensive aging of population and the problem will become more serious in the future.
Duration: 1.7.2016 - 30.6.2020

Growing and deepening ineguality in regions of Slovakia and the effects on polarisation of human development
Rast a prehlbovanie nerovností na Slovensku a ich vplyv na polarizáciu ľudského rozvoja v regiónoch
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Michálek Anton CSc.
Annotation:Increasing global disparities trigger many serious problems in all countries and populations. Concentration of wealth in hands of a small group of persons opens an ever bigger gap between the very rich and the rest of population. It causes existential problems to the majority of population strata not only in the developing world but also in the developed countries. This trend is also evident in Slovakia where inequality is in addition characterised by a marked spatial differentiation. Research backed by empirical results confirmed that Slovakia in spite of rather high economic growth is one of the countries with increasing disparities. Distinctly negative consequences associated with increasing disparities are especially observable in underdeveloped regions. Disparities limit their chances of expansion, quality of life, human development, etc. The project focuses on quantification of relevant disparities, establishment of the rate of their deepening in time and determination of their effects on selected characteristics of human development.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

Recent lateral and vertical evolution of river valley bottoms under changing environmental conditions and their impact on riverine landscape ecosystem services
Recentný laterálny a vertikálny vývoj dien dolín vodných tokov v podmienkach environmentálnych zmien a ich vplyv na ekosystémové služby riečnej krajiny
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Kidová Anna PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

SUBURBA - Suburbanization - development and impacts on socio-spatial structure in Bratislava hinterland
Suburbanizácia - vývoj a dopady na sociálno-priestorovú štruktúru zázemia Bratislavy
Program: APVV
Project leader: Mgr. Šveda Martin PhD.
Annotation:The processes of suburbanization – changes caused by transfer of inhabitants from cities towards the rural hinterland – have been occurring in Slovakia and more specifically in the vicinity of the capital city for more than 20 years. Suburbanization in the hinterland of Bratislava represents the most significant transformation in residential and socio-spatial relations in the post-socialist history of Slovakia, whose trajectory and parameters significantly affect the future development possibilities of this dynamically growing region. In spite of the intensity and various impacts there have not been realized any comprehensive study on this complicated phenomenon. Yet, negative effects of suburbanization in Bratislava hinterland stress the need for this material. In this context, project is focused on evaluation of intensity and spatial range of suburbanization in Bratislava hinterland, its demographic and social impacts and spatial patterns of development. Besides the standard methods of social sciences, state-of-the-art methods of dynamically developing GIS and remote sensing will be deployed to fulfil these objectives. In addition to in-depth analysis of particular aspects of suburbanization the project attempts to seek relations of mutual interdependencies and connectivity necessary for its comprehensive evaluation.
Duration: 1.7.2017 - 30.6.2020

PEDO-CITY-KLIMA - Effect of impermeable soil cover on urban climate in the context of climate change
Vplyv nepriepustného pokrytia pôdy na klímu miest v kontexte klimatickej zmeny
Program: APVV
Project leader: Doc. RNDr. Feranec Ján DrSc.
Annotation:Impervious surfaces affect the mezzo- and micro- climate of urban settlements. They contribute to formation of undesirable UHI (Urban Heat Islands), considerably reduce functions and ecosystem services of soil and limit water absorption. Land occupation and soil sealing along with the processes of global climate change bring significant negative effects not only for society and economy but they also affect the living standard and health condition of urban population. Big areas of continuous urban fabric contribute to the increase of mean temperature and extreme heats in summer in microclimatic comparison with the areas of the settlement greenery, gardens and landscape parks. The aim of the Project is to identify and assess the effects of impervious surfaces in urban agglomerations on the mezzo- and micro-climate in conditions of climate change. The basic premise for the solution is the analysis of intensity of construction and causes of its changes, as well as identification of UHI by interpretation of satellite images. The compiled database will be compared to the assessment of climate development in the cities by preparation of urban scenarios of climate change. The results will be confronted with the terrestrial meteorological measurement. The analysis will be accompanied by the impact estimate of impervious surfaces on the urban environment and urban population and the assessment of the effect of soil and greenery on sustainable management of urban territories. The Project will be applied to three cities: Bratislava, Trnava and Žilina, characterised by extremely extensive constructions with the minimal respect for the intrinsic risk of the changed climatic conditions. The outputs of the Project may bring a very important tool for the informed and scientific planning and decisionmaking processes of communal authorities in terms of environmental territorial design. Measures with stress on conservation of the environmental quality in the context of adaptat
Duration: 1.7.2016 - 30.6.2020

Changes in Agricultural Land Use: Assessment of the Dynamics and Causes Applying Land Cover Data and Selected Environmental Characteristics
Zmeny vo využívaní poľnohospodárskej krajiny: hodnotenie dynamiky a príčin pomocou údajov o krajinnej pokrývke a vybraných environmentálnych vlastností
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Pazúr Róbert PhD.
Annotation:Localities with agricultural use are among the most dynamic ones regarding the size and susceptibility to changes. Data obtained by remote sensing play an irreplaceable role in the analysis and spatial differentiation of this dynamics. Nature and span of changes, however, is modified by different socio-economic factors and natural conditions. The principal aim of this Project is to comprehend changes in the agricultural landscape in the period from 1970 to 2012 by identification of changes in agricultural land use and assessment of factors determining their frequency. The Project lays particular emphasis on the assessment of extensification, intensification and constructions on the farmland. The Project also assesses changes in agricultural land use in the forthcoming 60 years in Slovakia by means of innovative methods. Regarding the nature of the Project, which locates it in an interface of humanities and natural sciences, the expected outputs offer a vast potential both for the science and planning.
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.12.2018

Projects total: 14